Judith Ayaa and Athletic Performances: Africa, Commonwealth Games, Olympics, and Pan Africa-USA Meet

Judith Ayaa was born on July 15, 1952 in the sub-county Koch Goma in Nwoya District in Uganda. During an era when African women participation in athletics was in its prevalently nascent and amateur stages, young Ayaa became a resounding name amongst African women track stars. Ayaa became the first Ugandan woman to win a Commonwealth Games‘ medal. The female Ugandan Commonwealth Games‘ medallists who followed in her footsteps are three: Ruth Kyalisiima (Kyarisiima/ Kyalisima) in Brisbane in 1982 where she won the silver in the 400 meters-hurdles (57.10), gold-medallist Dorcus Inzikuru in the 3000 meters-steeplechase in Melbourne in 2006 whereby she established a Games‘ record (9:19.51), and bronze-medallist Winnie Nanyondo who was third in the 800m (2:01.38) in Glasgow in 2012.

Judith Ayaa’s career on the track would be short-lived, though of significant fulfillment.

The record of Judith Ayaa in the East and Central African Athletic Championships is amazing. In 1968 (Dar-es-Salaam), Ayaa won gold in the 100 meters sprint, finishing in 11.5. The following year in mid-August 1969, Ayaa cemented and confirmed her formidability by in the same championships (Kampala) winning in the 100 meters (11.8), the 200 meters (25.0), and the 400m (53.6). Jane Chikambwe, considered an athletics legend in Zambia won silvers behind Ayaa in the 100m and 200m. Here in Kampala in 1969, Ayaa was part of the Uganda 4x100m relay team that won in 49.5. In the same year, based on her personal best time of 53.6, Judith Ayaa was ranked amongst the world’s top 10 female 400m runners.

In 1970 at the same ECA Championships (Nairobi), Judith Ayaa did not slip behind. The slim young woman with the „Mercedes-Benz“ body again won in the 100m (11.8), the 200m (24.1), and the 400m (54.0s).

It was at the Commonwealth Games held in Edinburgh in Scotland in 1970 that Judith Ayaa established herself as an international female athlete to be reckoned with. At these Games, Judith Ayaa notably competed in the 100m and the 400m. On July 17th, Ayaa was placed in the first of the five 100m preliminary heats. He performed reasonably well, finishing in second place, behind Jenny Lamy of Australia, in 11.92 seconds. But the semi-finals, the next day, were not as fruitful for Ayaa. She was placed in the second of the two semi-final heats, and was beaten into sixth place (11.93) and eliminated from advancing to the finals. The finals, later in the day, were won by Raelene Boyle of Australia, followed by legendary Alice Annum of Ghana, and then Marion Hoffman of Australia for the bronze medal.

There were much fewer competitors in the 400m so there would only be two rounds of competition. On July 22nd, Ayaa was placed in the second of two heats of the first round. Ayaa won in a relatively astounding time of 52.86 seconds, a new Uganda and Africa record. The finishing time by Ayaa ranked her as eleventh in the world in 1970. Alice Annum who had been scheduled to compete in the same round, did not start.

Ayaa advanced to the finals that would be contested the next day. But perhaps she had ran too fast instead of running while relaxed but enough to be amongst the top four of each round that would automatically qualify for the finals. Sandra Brown of Australia, was second, and a full second behind Ayaa. The other semi-final heat in which Marilyn Neufville won in 53.05, was of more relaxation and tactfulness.

The finals the next day witnessed diminutive but legendary 17 year-old Jamaican Marilyn Fay Neufville, winning in a world record of 51.02. Neufville won by an astounding more than two seconds ahead of silver medallist Sandra Brown (53.66) of Australia; she reduced the previous world record of 51.7 established (1969) by Colette Besson and Nicole Duclos both of France by nearly a second. Judith Ayaa, overtaken after slowing down near the end of the race, likely due to fatigue after her unnecessary exertion in the semi-finals, was third (53.77) in a photo-finish behind Sandra Brown and captured the bronze medal. The fatigue had likely cost her at least the silver medal; but the Commonwealth bronze would be one of Ayaa’s most acclaimed international possessions!

Marilyn Neufville’s superb career would be short-lived because of physical injuries and inconsequential surgery. At the 1974 Commonwealth Games held in Christchurch in New Zealand Neufville was 6th in the finals of the 400m. And at the Olympic Games of 1976 held in Montreal in Canada, she participated in the first round of the 400m and qualified for the next round, but she did not move forward into the next round because of injuries.

The next major event for Ayaa would be from July 16-17, 1971 at he Wallace Wade Stadium at Duke University in Durham in North Carolina. It was the USA versus Africa and the Rest of the World Meet (sometimes referred to as the USA-Pan African Track-and-Field Meet). The event that attracted a high capacity crowd of a total of 52000 spectators was of a unified African team together with other nations (fourteen nations altogether) versus the USA team. Perhaps the main attraction was 1500m Olympic gold-medallist Kipchoge Keino who was revered and renowned for his track rivalry with American middle-distance legend and 1500m world-record (3:33.1) holder Jim Ryun. Here at Duke, Keino intended to break this world record.

Other internationally acclaimed runners in the competition included Kenyan Amos Biwott (steeplechase Olympic champion), and long-distance Tunisian legend Mohammed Gammoudi. Ugandan hurdler John Akii-Bua of Uganda who was hardly known internationally, was also there to compete.

Judith Ayaa won the gold medal at these USA-Pan Africa Games in 54.69. Second was Gwendolyn Norman (USA) of Sports International in 55.42, third was Jarvis Scott (USA) of Los Angeles Mercurettes in 56. 0, and fourth was Titi Adeleke (Nigeria) in 59.52. John Akii-Bua won in the intermediate hurdles, establishing an Africa record (49.0) that would be the world’s best time for 1971. Smooth-sailing „flying policeman“ Akii became signified as a contender for the forthcoming Olympics in 1972 in Munich. Simultaneously, Ayaa gained international acclaim though not to the level of Akii. Kip Keino failed to break the world record in the 1500m, but he clearly led and finished in quite an excellent 3:34.7.

John Myers airs Akii-Bua’s comments, here sometimes referred to as „John Akii-Buba“ (1971: 6A): „The runners were good… The track is fast. It was not uncomfortable.“

Other notable competitors at the track and field meet included Americans Rodney Milburn and Ron Draper (high hurdles), Kenyans Robert Ouko (800m) and Benjamin Jipcho (steeplechase); Steve Prefontaine (USA) and Miruts Yifter (Ethiopia) in the 5000m, and John Smith (USA) in the 400m.

Still in 1971, at the East and Central African Championships held in Lusaka in Zambia, Ayaa was the winner in the 400m (54.7). She was also part of the Uganda gold medal winning teams in the relays: 4x100m (48.7) and 4x400m (3:50.5).

The next major challenge for Ayaa, the Olympic Games of 1972 held in Munich in Germany would prove to be interesting. In the first round, Ayaa in lane two came in fourth (52.85s) thereby qualifying for the quarter-finals. In the quarter finals, Judith Ayaa was drawn in lane 7 in her heat two of four heats. The first four finishers of each heat would move on to the semi-final. Ayaa comfortably finished third and established a Uganda and Africa record of 52.68. The Uganda record, Ayaa’s personal best, would stand for more than three decades. Of note, in these quarter-finals, Ayaa beat 26 year-old Colette Besson of France the diminutive surprise winner in the same event at the previous (1968) Olympics in Mexico City. Besson was in lane 3 and her 5th place finish disqualified her from advancing to the next round.

Ayaa moved on to the Olympics‘ semi-finals. She was in lane 2, and finished in 52.91 seconds, a 7th place finish. Ayaa had put up quite a commendable performance, but the international competition was formidable, and Ayaa was eliminated in what would be her first and last Olympics competition. The eighth competitor, Christel Frese of West Germany, fell during the race and did not finish.

In 1972, Ayaa became a 4-time gold medallist in the 400m at the East and Central African Championships. This time, in Dar-es-Salaam, Ayaa’s winning time was 55.7. She was part of the Uganda team that won the gold medal in the 4x100m (48.7).

After 1972, Ayaa’s performance record would become lackluster. She got married and started having children in close succession, and neglected sports. The tumultuous regime of Amin made the situation worse. Athletes were far less financially compensated for their toil and injuries, than they have increasingly been in the recent decades. Ayaa’s demise was far from glamorous; it was disheartening. At some point later in her life, while looking after her two young children, Ayaa struggled, and sometimes begged on the streets of Kampala. She would crush stones for a living. Akii-Bua, also a national team-mate with Ayaa at the Olympics in 1972, would be instrumental to the drawing attention to and the intervening in the plight of Ayaa. She was located and a European benefactor helped with expenses. Unfortunately, in 2002 Ayaa would die young at 48 or 49, at Mulago Hospital in Kampala. Ironically, Akii-Bua who was also then not faring well, had died at about the same age of death as Ayaa, earlier in 1997 at the same hospital.

Ayaa’s reign on the women’s track was short but is superb and enduring. Trophies and national and regional competitions in northern Uganda have become commemorated in the name Judith Ayaa.

Works Cited

Myers, John. „Hosts Winning Score in Pan Africa Meet“ in „Carolina Times“ (July 24, 1971).

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Jonathan Musere

Schlag den Star [Nintendo Switch]

Schlag den Star [Nintendo Switch]

Jetzt kaufen

Nach drei erfolgreichen „Schlag den Raab“-Videospielen geht es nun mit „Schlag den Star“ in die nächste Runde. Du und bis zu drei deiner Freunde treten in 25 herausfordernden Originalspielen der TV-Show gegeneinander an. Zeige allen, dass du nicht nur über das größte Allgemeinwissen verfügst! Du brauchst auch Fingerspitzengefühl, Geschicklichkeit und ein gutes Gedächtnis, um Spiele wie „Quiz“, „Bogenschießen“, „Wasser-Labyrinth“ und „Hochwerfen“, „Töne zählen“ oder „Sachen merken“ zu gewinnen.

Du als Star
Diesmal nimmst du selbst die Rolle des Stars ein. So hast du die Möglichkeit, deinen eigenen Charakter aus über 120 Kombinationsmöglichkeiten zu erstellen und dann einen aus rund 700 voll vertonten Namen zu wählen.

Wie ihr wollt
Spiele neben dem bekannten Show-Modus, bestehend aus 15 Minispielen, auch den „Halbe Show“-Modus mit sieben, oder für eine ganz schnelle Runde „Best of Three“ mit maximal drei Spielen. Im „Freien Spiel“ kannst du in alle Games reinschnuppern und für die Show trainieren.

Alleine oder mit Freunden
Spiele alle Modi mit bis zu drei Freunden und verweise sie in ihre Schranken. Hier tretet ihr in zwei Teams gegeneinander an. Wenn mal ein echter Konkurrent aus Fleisch und Blut fehlt, dann übernimmt einfach die künstliche Intelligenz dessen Rolle. Je nach Star hat diese unterschiedliche Stärken und Schwächen.

Nach „Schlag den Raab“ kommt „Schlag den Star“
„Schlag den Star – Das Spiel“ ist die Fortführung der erfolgreichen Schlag den Raab Spielereihe. „Schlag den Star – Das Spiel“ bietet alles, was „Schlag den Raab“ bereits hatte und erweitert das Spielkonzept sinnvoll – zusätzliche Inhalte für die Quizgames, eigene Charaktere und verschiedene Varianten des Show-Modus runden das bekannte Konzept ab.


-25 herausfordernde Spiele bekannt aus der TV-Show – so nah warst du dem Original noch nie.
-Davon 12

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Wireless Surround Sound Speaker

If you are looking for wireless surround sound make sure you know what you want and you should also do proper research on the leading brands and compare them to find the best quality deal for yourself. Do not just buy a audio system because you will regret it later for not doing some research first. If you are not sure what you buy, do not buy it, because you are going to have to live with the speaker system you bought knowing you are not satisfied.

If you have an overall idea of ​​what system you want, you are well on your way to find what you are looking for and you will make the right choice. If you buy a sound system it will probably be a 5.1 surround system, which has 5 speakers and a sub woofer.

For the placing of your 5.1 sound system place the three front speakers (left, center and right) on the left center and right of the receiver (DVD player / blue-ray player) in front of the room. Make sure they are set on a tuned listeners height and that the tweeter angle is in the same direction.

For the two rear wireless speakers you can either put them a few feet higher than the three front or at the same height. It depends on what you like and the sub woofer can either go on the front left, center or right.

You should just remember that there are other speakers as well, like 6.1 and a 7.1, sound systems which are just as good as the 5.1, but the 5.1 is the most popular of them all.

I would just like to inform you about the wireless system, that not all the speakers are wireless. In fact only the rear two can be wireless (But still needs a power cable) and should be the farthest away from the amplifier. We count on technology to further the audio market so that all of the speakers can be wireless and wire hassle free.

Even if the 5.1 only have two wireless rear speakers it still is more suitable than your regular wired sound. It not only saves you the effort of the wiring them but it is also out of the way and you can not fall over them.

There are more than enough brands to choose from if you want to buy speaker systems, just make sure what you pick is what you want and enjoy the surround sound speakers. You all should know that the high quality audio sound comes with a price but it is all the money worth and you will hear the results and say to yourself I am glad I played a little more.

If you have come to a decision size up your living room get the sound you want and if it is ether the 2.1, 5.1, 6.1, 7.1 they are all great with great quality sound. So get your wireless surround speakers today and enjoy a quality and loud surround sound system in your home.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Abel Konel

What Type of Fire Alarm Do I Need and Where Should I Put It?

It is probably quite evident that there are a number of fire alarms available, and at vastly varying prices, so it may be very difficult to understand the differences between Optical, Ionisation and Heat alarms. This guide is aimed at taking some of that confusion away.

So what is the difference between the models?

As stated above there are three types of alarm, each with its own uses.

Optical Alarm: This type of smoke alarm typically uses an infrared beam between two points, the alarm being triggered should the beam be disturbed. In much the same way as a criminal might trip an alarm when breaking into a bank vault or museum in the movies, if the beam is broken, the alarm will go off. It detects larger smoke particles best.

Ionisation Alarm: These alarms use 2 small plates (one charged positively, one negatively) and an alpha particle source to create a constant current running across the gap between the plates. When smoke enters the chamber it interferees with this process, interrupting the charge. When the charge drops, the alarm goes off. These alerts are best at detecting smaller smoke particles.

Heat Alarms: A heat alarm will trigger if the room temperature reaches a certain level. They do not detect smoke, and are not to be used as a substitute for a smoke alarm, but should be used in assisting these alerts for greater fire detection.

Why do we need different types of fire alarm?

Different types of alarm exist due to the different types of fire. Believe it or not, fires act in different ways depending on what is burning, and is important to identify the fire as quickly as possible. Different alerts are better at discovering different fires, and choosing the right alarm for the right room could save your life one day.

Fires can be particularly smokey, often caused by the burning of papers or clothing etc, and burn rapidly, producing smaller smoke particles. The Ionisation alerts are better at detecting these fires.

Other fires can be a lot less smokey, often being harder to detect, and are caused by the burning of carpets, sofas or electrical devices. These fires tend to burn less quickly, producing larger smoke particles. Optical alerts will be better at detecting these fires.

Which fire alarm do I need?

This article is meant as a general guide, and for more detailed safety advice it is highly recommended that you contact your local Fire Service. This being said, the information below should help you decide.

  • Optical alarm: Living room, dining room, hallway
  • Ionisation alarm: Bedrooms, walk in wardrobes
  • Heat alarms: Dusty areas such as garages, unconverted lofts etc where the dust could interfere with the other alarm types.

Alarms are available as either battery operated, or mains operated with battery backup. The mains alarms will continue to work for a time after power is lost to the unit, but only as a backup. If this is the case, mains should be restored to the unit right away, or the battery changed.

Some alerts even come with the option of interconnectivity, meaning if one alarm sounds, then all the alarms sound. This is highly useful in larger properties where one alarm may not be heard by everyone. The idea is to raise the alarm to everyone right away – as soon as a fire starts – and having the alarms linked together will achieve this.

Fires are responsible for a large number of deaths each year, as we all know from the adverts broadcast on television or radio. This is a fact, and can be greatly reduced by just checking your alarm to be sure that it works, and that it is the correct alarm for the location it is placed. Be aware that alerts need replacing after a certain amount of time, and it is worth checking on the unit and to note the replace by date. If you are unsure, check with your local Fire Service.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Dan D Stevens

Technoline, WT 8000 Funk-Wanduhr, Ø 30cm, Silber

Technoline, WT 8000 Funk-Wanduhr, Ø 30cm, Silber

Jetzt kaufen

Funkwanduhr, Kunststoffrahmen, betriebsbereit mit 1x AA Batterie, nicht im Lieferumfang enthalten.Die WT 8000 ist eine klassische Wanduhr.
Dank ihres Kunststoffgehäuses ist diese Wanduhr besonders leicht.
Die Uhr läuft mit einem Funkwerk, sodass Ihnen lästiges Zeitumstellen zur Winter- sowie Sommerzeit erspart bleibt.
Der Durchmesser der WT 8000 beträgt 30cm und somit ist das Zifferblatt auch aus größerer Entfernung sehr gut ablesbar.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

9 Tips For the Back-to-School Mom – Organization is Everything!

Well, just about everything. If you're a mom who's headed back to school, you want to get serious about time management, delegating, well, everything. Here are nine tips to help you get both you and your children back to school easily, confidently and most importantly, quickly!

1. Ditch Perfectionism. The dust on top of the furniture? Protective coverage. Smudge on the front door? All your best friends come to the back door anyway. Perfection is not everything, especially when you have a test to prepare for.

2. Delegate. Even young children – and husbands! – can pitch in. And they should, no matter what Mom's doing. Helping gives children (and Dads) a feeling of competence and confidence which helps their self-esteem (yes, Dads, too).

3. Be Realistic. No one, not even Oprah or Martha Stewart, has it all or can do it all. Do not believe me? Then tell me why Oprah just gave her best friend a million dollars? For all the help she cave Oprah along the way, that's why. Celebrities have staffs who do it all for them, they do not do it themselves – and neither can you, unless you employ a staff of 20 full-time people. Keep expectations of what you can and can not do in any 24-hour day realistic, and both you and your family will be a lot happier.

4. Flexibility Is Queen Every Day. When you're juggling school, work and family, you have to be flexible and be able to shift priorities quickly. Think of life as one large yoga exercise, and be ready to bend and stretch as needed, when needed.

5. Play Beat The Clock. Setting deadlines is a great way to motivate you to take care of the most important priorities. Create deadlines for your tough chores and assignments (and your children's) and put a portion of your time aside each day to tackle the largest ones. This will keep you from getting crazed the night before your midterm when your son's science project is due the next day.

6. Organize, Organize, Organize. Do not just talk about it, do it. Pack lunches, lay out clothes, bathe, get book bags ready, and set out dishes and non-perishable breakfast items the night before. This will not only save you time in the mornings, but also make them far less stressful overall. Have a place for everything – make sure everyone knows where those places are, and let them go there all by themselves!

7. Know Your Prime Time. Everyone has a time of day or night when they perform some tasks better than others. For example, studying may be easier at night after everyone's gone to bed, and mornings are your best time for household chores. Take time to learn what your prime time is for the truly important tasks you need to accomplish daily – then use it to your advantage.

8. Do not Learn To Say No, Say It! We all know how to say "No", we simply do not do it often enough. Do not let yourself be bullied or guilty-tripped into taking on projects or volunteer work that strips you of valuable time you need to spend elsewhere. You will not be in school forever, and those volunteer organizations will still be around when you're finished and have more time.

9. Reward Yourself. You are wonderful, Mom! Just look at everything you do every day – and on top of it all, you're taking school and making it to your daughter's swim meets and your son's soccer games, and on time! Have that bowl of ice cream (two scoops is fine, really), and give yourself a pat on the back. You deserve it!

Copyright 2006 Karen Fusco

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Karen Fusco