The Legend of Pop Hollinger, First Comic Book Dealer

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It’s strange that most comic book collectors and dealers have never heard of Pop Hollinger. This 47-year-old retired teacher from Concordia, Kansas was the first dealer who bought and sold old novels, pulp magazines, magazines and comic books. Hollinger ran his shop from 1939 in Concordia, during the deep economic Depression, to 1971. Whether thousands of comic book dealers today have or never heard of Pop Hollinger, they follow in his footsteps: selling, buying and trading them.

Mr. Hollinger started his business selling periodicals in a basement underneath a grocery store. He sold most anything he owned, including classic paperback novels published by Pocket Books for 25 cents each. Soon, he grew his business, selling used pulps, paperbacks, magazines, and comic books. He specialized in comics which were quickly becoming popular. After a few years, he ran a vibrant business, even expanding his business which included as many as 15 to 20 outlets around Concordia. Hollinger even popularized a mail order service for interested buyers across the country. Selling through mail ordering made Pop realize that there was a demand for back issues. For this purpose, he would store issues for future business. For 20 or 30 cents a week a person could receive five or ten comics, respectively. This was an unbeatable bargain when you could buy one at the local newspaper stand for 10 cents.

1939 was a special year for comic books, which featured, for the first time, superheroes. No doubt he would have owned the most famous, such as: Action Comics #1 (first appearance of Superman), Detective Comics #27 (first appearance of Batman), Superman #1, Batman #1, Wonder Woman #1, All-Star, All-Flash, Timely Comics (future Marvel Comics) and Fawcett Comics. These „Golden Age“ comics became „super“ sellers. But there were also many other others on the market.

Hollinger used radically unorthodox methods for preserving each of his books, because he knew kids could easily tear them up, and many mothers threw them out in the trash. Pop soon found out comics did not wear well under constant buying, selling, and trading. So, he bound the books with brown or green tape around the spine and on the inside to preserve them from being torn apart. He also knew that comics were made of pulp which attracted insects, so he treated them with special chemicals that repelled them. He even took out the original staples, replacing them with new ones. Finally, he pressed them flat using a press of his own design that exerted several hundred pounds of pressure. Today’s collector or dealer would never use this method of preservation because it would ruin the book’s value. Instead, dealers and collectors carefully put the books in Mylar bags and insert a cardboard backing, so they won’t bend or tear. Even so, Hollinger deserves credit for creating his own method of preserving them.

By 1942, there were roughly 50 comic book publishers. Each publisher produced at least 30 different ones, which totaled to several thousand different issues circulating per month! So, Pop felt the need to publish a comic book catalog. Comics came in all kinds of genres: science fiction, detective, fantasy, spy, humor, romance and many others. He owned so many of the same issues. So, it’s no wonder he thought that selling comics could be profitable. According to the eBay website, his business ads stated: „Old or used comic books are worth money. We pay from 1c to $1.00 each for certain old comics… Be among the first in your community to collect old comics.“ In this same ad, Pop claimed to „carry a large assortment of every comic book published.“

Unfortunately, in 1952 Hollinger’s supply took a turn for the worst. A flood had come through his area of the state, flooded his stores, and ruined thousands most of his inventory. Sadly, most of them had to be thrown out. To make matters worse, in 1954 many comics that were published before were recalled by the U.S. government due to unsuitable content for children. But Hollinger persevered with his business.

Between 1961 until he closed his business, ten years later, Hollinger began selling brand new superhero comic books created mainly by Marvel Comics. In November of 1961, Marvel published the first issue of the „Fantastic Four“- a group of new superheroes who became very popular. Fantastic Four #1 started the „Marvel Age“ of comics. Other „Marvel Age“ superheroes were soon introduced: Spiderman, Ironman, Thor, the Hulk, Antman, and Captain America (brought back from World War 2). All comic (not just Marvel) published from 1956 to 1969, became known as the „Silver Age“ of comics. Today, many of the early issues published by Marvel are worth almost as much as those printed in the late 1930s and early 1940s.

Pop Hollinger was a rare businessman who had foreseen the value of comic books. Who knew how he thought that comic books were of value to be read and collected, not read and thrown away? Nobody would have thought to start such a dealership, especially in the late 1930’s during the Great Depression. As a matter of fact, it would have been „comical“ to have started a comic book dealership. Pop beat the odds by starting a business almost no one would have ever considered. If you ever come across an old comic with either brown or green tape along the spine, you probably would have a classic pulp gem owned by the legendary dealer himself.

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The LG Pop Is Probably The Cheapest Touch Screen Smartphone Ever

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LG has recently been catering for the cash conscious buyer and the release of the LG Pop is clear evidence of this. The Pop is probably the cheapest touch screen smartphone ever; and with a full touch control interface and social network integration, it really is a smartphone. No it may not have a huge powerful operating system, and no CPU is not that big, but LG has managed to cram in quite a lot of smartphone technology for a very low production cost.

As looks go, the Pop is impressively pleasing and the colorful UI looks bright and vibrant on the 3.0 inch 240 x 400 (WQVGA) pixel display. The resistive touch receptive screen allows users to gracefully glide from one application to the next quite smoothly and as the device is reasonably compact (97.8 x 49.5 x 11.2mm) it is very pocketable and palm friendly. Noticeably there is only one button benefit the screen; it can be used as the primary action button, along with call and end functions.

With the majority of smartphones today, the UI can be quite fiddly with intricate menus and sub-menus all over the place, but LG has supplied the Pop with a very simple swipe and tap 3-way interface and iPhone style menus, perfect for smartphone newbie's or the technologically challenged, like my mother. LG has also included there LiveSquare feature which is a glorified call log and contacts interface. From ere you are presented with various avatars which represent contacts and each one can be interacted with via the touch screen.

The LG Pop can be set up to handle various e-mail accounts from multiple providers; also social networking has been covered by a dedicated application which enables you to handle MySpace, Twitter and Facebook accounts. Along with the standard support for SMS and MMS messaging, LG have supplied a full web browser supported by EDGE Quad Band (850/900/1800/1900) which covers all of your activities including social networking and gaming.

LG have thrown in an efficient little 3MP digital camera system; it delivers all the tools needed for general day-to-day snapping and QVGA 10fps video recordings, the camera loads up quite quickly and you get a nice, full screen viewfinder. The Pop has a Muvee Studio application which can be used to create slideshows, but pictures can also be viewed in basic gallery mode. The video player is capable of playing MPEG-4 files in 320 x 240 pixel resolution, while the music player hosts a very nice interface and plays back via the phones in-built loudspeakers or the wireless Bluetooth headsets. FM radio is also supported for users who like to be up to date with there favorite channels and shows.

LG has delivered a pretty strong candidate for the most affordable touch screen smartphone ever. The Pop is devoted to cash conscious buyers who require touch screen technology and mobile social networking. This device is well sized and well designed with stylish being an appropriate word, the minimalistic features and curved edges give the phone a fashionable, reliable frame. The tasteful interface is incredibly user friendly while the price tag will not heart your wallet.

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The Universe’s First-Born Stars Had A Cold Nursery

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Just after our Universe was born 13.8 billion years ago in the Big Bang, there was a mysterious era when it was black, and there were no stars around to cast their streaming, sparkling light into this swath of darkness. Today, when we stare up at our sky at night, we see a vast dark background lit by the star-fire emitted by its billions upon billions of brilliant stellar inhabitants. However, the way that our Universe’s first-born stars came into existence remains one of the most tantalizing mysteries haunting the dreams of astronomers. Where did the first stars come from, and when did they appear on this ancient swath of blackness–lighting up what was originally featureless and dark? In February 2018, astronomers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts and Arizona State University in Tempe, reported that a table-sized radio antenna in a remote region of western Australia has detected faint signals of hydrogen gas from the primordial Universe. This signal indicates the existence of the Universe’s first-born stars only about 180 million years after the Big Bang.

The primordial Universe cooled and then went dark for millions of years after its birth. Ultimately, gravity pulled matter together until stars were born and burst brilliantly into life, bringing the Cosmic Dawn that chased away the blackness of the Cosmic Dark Ages. The new-found signal marks the closest astronomers have been able to see of that ancient, brilliant moment when the first stars blasted away the Universe’s primeval, featureless night.

„Finding this minuscule signal has opened a new window on the Universe,“ study lead author, Dr. Judd Bowman, commented in a March 1, 2018 Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) Press Release. Dr. Bowman is of Arizona State University. The CSIRO Observatory is in Western Australia.

Dr. Bowman has been conducting his Experiment to Detect the Global EoR (Epoch of Reionization) Signature (EDGES) for 12 years. Nine years ago, he began performing the observations from CSIRO’s Murchison Radio-astronomy Observatory (MRO), after searching for the best spot on Earth for his work.

The radio signal that Dr. Bowman and his colleagues discovered was extremely faint, arriving as it did from 13.6 billion years back in the Universe’s history.

It also fell in the region of the electromagnetic spectrum used by FM radio stations. This made the detection of this weak signal from most Earth-based sites literally impossible.

Fortunately, the MRO observatory is in a naturally „radio-quiet“ area. This valuable and unique location is protected by a legislated „radio quiet“ zone up to 260 kilometers across, which keeps human-made activities that manufacture interfering radio signals to an absolute minimum.

The MRO’s development was managed by Antony Schinckel, CSIRO’s Head of Square Kilometer Array (SKA) Construction and Planning.

„Finding this signal is an absolute triumph, a triumph made possible by the extreme attention to detail by Judd’s team, combined with the exceptional radio quietness of the CSIRO site,“ Schinckel commented in the March 1, 2018 CSIRO Press Release.

„We worked hard to select this site for the long-term future of radio astronomy after exhaustive investigations across the country. We believe we have the gold standard in radio quietness, the best site in the world,“ he added.

Schinckel further noted that „This is one of the most technically challenging radio astronomy experiments ever attempted. The lead authors include two of the best radio astronomy experimentalists in the world and they have gone to great lengths to design and calibrate their equipment in order to have convincing evidence for a real signal.“

The MRO was developed by CSIRO for its Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder (ASKAP).

Dr. Robert Braun noted in the March 1, 2018 CSIRO Press Release that „(T)his is a powerful demonstration of what can be achieved with the combination of an excellent site and world-class engineering, boding well for the great discoveries that will be enabled by the SKA.“ Dr. Braun is Science Director at the SKA Organisation.

The Darkness Before The Dawn

In your „mind’s eye“ imagine the newborn Universe. The baby Cosmos was filled with an extremely hot „stew“ of charged protons and electrons. But, as the ancient Universe expanded, its temperature plummeted uniformly. When the Universe was approximately 400,000 years old, it was finally cool enough for these charged protons and electrons to merge together to create neutral hydrogen atoms. That great era in the Universe’s history is termed recombination, and during this epoch the Universe was suffused by a strange „fog“ composed of neutral atoms. As time went by, the Universe’s first-born stars and the galaxies that hosted them began to form, and their ultraviolet light ionized (energized) the hydrogen atoms. This means that the hydrogen atoms were torn apart into their component protons and electrons again.

At the instant of our Universe’s birth there was a powerful burst of brilliant light. Photons (packets of light) of high-energy radiation were blasted out by the searing-hot matter of the ancient Universe. But, during that very ancient era, light was not permitted to travel throughout the Cosmos freely. This is because at the extremely hot temperatures of the ancient Universe, the ionized atoms that had managed to form were rapidly ripped apart soon after their birth, since the positively charged atomic nuclei could not hold on to their encircling clouds of negatively charged electrons. Particles that possess an electrical charge are in a perpetual state of absorbing and then emitting electrons. For this reason, during the Universe’s first 400,000 years, light was continually being absorbed, and then emitted, over and over and over again. This cycle continued for a much longer time than human civilization has existed on our planet. Indeed, this cycle went on for literally hundreds of thousands of years, and only came to an end when the temperature of the Universe finally plummeted to five thousand degrees Fahrenheit.

For the first several hundred thousand years of the Universe’s existence, it dazzled with raging fires that glared much more brilliantly than our Sun does today. When atoms could finally congeal and survive during the era of recombination, matter and light could at last go their free and separate ways. The streaming, dancing light has been shining its lovely way through Spacetime ever since.

Today, the Universe is transparent, cooling off, and expanding towards its own death. But, just before the era of recombination, the entire newborn Cosmos looked like the surface of a star, like our Sun. It was extremely hot, opaque, and suffused with brilliant, glaring, imprisoned light. The primordial Universe was considerably smaller than it is today. The galaxies formed after the era of recombination.

Imagine that black, mysterious, primordial era before the stars were born, and there were no galaxies around to brighten up this murky expanse with the flames of their constituent stars. The Cosmic Dark Ages began only a few hundred thousand years after the Big Bang. At this time, the lingering, left-over radiation of the Big Bang itself had faded, and atomic nuclei had at last managed to congeal to create neutral hydrogen. Neutral hydrogen atoms absorb radiation. The Cosmic Dark Ages lasted for about half a billion years, and this murky ancient era remains veiled in mystery. At the beginning of this primordial epoch, the first atoms of hydrogen formed. By the time this era had ended, the very first light-emitting objects had begun to send their light streaming through space to chase the bewitching blackness away. However, this era was not peaceful. Matter was smoothly and evenly distributed throughout the baby Universe when it first formed. However, by the conclusion of the Cosmic Dark Ages, this matter had somehow clumped together to construct extremely massive large-scale structures.

Hidden deep within the clumps of matter that contained higher-than-average densities, some regions formed clouds that began to bud off and then collapse. Those collapsing primeval clouds were the ancient cradles of the Universe’s first-born stars. The first generation of stars sent their stellar fires raging through the darkness of the Universe–and lit up the entire swath of Spacetime. Like the rays of our sparkling Sun, when it rises at dawn, that lovely newborn starlight overwhelmed the universal darkness. The stellar fires of these baby stars forced the opaque gas of the primeval Universe to become transparent. The sea-change from foggy, opaque darkness to a transparent star-blasted Universe, took hundreds of millions of years. However, at last, the Universe’s first-born stars burned away this foggy universal blackness. During this lengthy transition, foggy and opaque regions of the Universe were interspersed with regions of light and recently ionized, transparent gas.

Astronomers currently think that the Universe’s first-born stars were not like the stars we see today. This is because they were born directly from primeval gases that billowed out of the Big Bang itself. These very ancient gases were mostly hydrogen and helium, and these two lightest of atomic elements are thought to have pulled themselves together to create ever tighter and tighter objects. The cores of the first stars (protostars) to inhabit the Cosmos started to light up within the mysterious cold, dark hearts of these extremely dense knots of pristine primordial hydrogen and helium–and they then collapsed under their own relentless gravitational pull. Many astronomers think that the Universe’s first-born stars were giants–compared with later generations of stars–because they did not form the same way, or from the same mix of atomic elements, as stars do now. The Universe’s first-born stars, called Population III stars, were likely „megastars“. Our Sun is a member of the most recent generation of stars, which are called Population I stars. Between the first and most recent generation of stars are, of course, Population II stars.

The extremely massive Population III stars were also glaring and brilliant, and their existence is responsible for triggering the sea-change of our Universe from what it was to what it is. These huge, brilliant stars changed the dynamics of our Universe by heating it and thus ionizing the ambient hydrogen and helium gases.

Youthful galaxies in the ancient Universe are often discovered by their prominent emission of Lyman-alpha photons. The Lyman-alpha line represents the transition of neutral hydrogen. Galaxies undergoing very powerful bouts of star-birth show strong Lyman-alpha emission lines. This is because they host searing-hot, massive baby stars, and these young stars hurl out enormous amounts of ultraviolet radiation–which ionizes the neutral hydrogen, ripping up its atoms into a free proton and a free electron. These particles later recombined to create neutral hydrogen again. However, this hydrogen is in an excited state when formed, and as it relaxes back to the ground state, it emits a series of line photons. Most of the time, this series concludes with the emission of a Lyman-alpha photon.

Cold Nursery For First-Born Stars

The astronomers, who picked up the first signals of hydrogen gas in the primordial Universe, also determined that the gas was in a state that would have been possible only in the presence of the Universe’s first-born stars. This is because these stars–igniting for the first time in a Universe that had previously been devoid of light–emitted ultraviolet radiation that interacted with the ambient hydrogen gas. Because of this, hydrogen atoms throughout the entire Universe started to absorb background radiation–an important event that the astronomers were able to spot in the form of radio waves. These new findings provide important evidence that the first generation of stars may have switched on only about 180 million years after the Big Bang.

„This is the first real signal that stars are starting to form, and starting to affect the medium around them. What’s happening in this period is that some of the radiation from the very first stars is starting to allow hydrogen to be seen. It’s causing hydrogen to start absorbing the background radiation, so you start seeing it in silhouette, at particular radio frequencies,“ explained study co-author, Dr. Alan Rogers, in a February 28, 2018 MIT Press Release. Dr. Rogers is a scientist at MIT’s Haystack Observatory.

There are also certain indications, seen in the radio waves, that hydrogen gas is floating around within the entire ancient Universe. This means that the Universe as a whole must have been twice as cold as astronomers had estimated earlier–with a temperature of about 3 Kelvins (-454 degrees Fahrenheit). Dr. Rogers and his team are not certain why the primeval Cosmos was so much colder than expected, but some scientists have proposed that interactions with a mysterious form of matter, called dark matter, may have played some kind of role. Most of the matter in our Universe is thought to be dark matter, that is not composed of atoms like the familiar „ordinary“ matter that we are used to in our world–the stuff of stars, planets, moons, trees, cats, and people, for example. Dark matter is bizarre stuff–it does not interact with light or any other form of electromagnetic radiation. This makes it invisible. Yet it is generally thought that the largest structures in the Universe are made of this strange, dark, non-atomic stuff. Even though „ordinary“ atomic matter accounts for literally all of the elements listed in the familiar Periodic Table, there is much less of it than there is of the dark matter.

„These results require some changes in our current understanding of the early evolution of the Universe. It would affect cosmological models and require theoriests to put their thinking caps back on to figure out how that would happen,“ commented Dr. Colin Lonsdale in the February 28, 2018 MIT Press Release. Dr. Lonsdale is director of the Haystack Observatory.

The astronomers spotted the primordial hydrogen gas using EDGES–the small ground-based radio antenna, located in western Australia. EDGES gets its funding from the National Science Foundation.

The antennas and parts of the receiver were created and constructed by Dr. Rogers and the Haystack Observatory team, along with the Arizona State University team. The scientists added an automated antenna reflection measurement system to the receiver, outfitted a control hut armed with electronics, constructed the ground plane, and conducted the field work as well for the ambitious and successful project. Australia’s CSIRO provided on site infrastructure for the EDGES project.

The EDGES instrument was originally designed to detect radio waves sent forth from the ancient Epoch of Reionization. During this primordial era, the first luminous objects, such as galaxies, quasars, and stars, were born in the Universe. Quasars are a particularly brilliant form of active galactic nuclei, inhabiting the hearts of ancient galaxies. They are thought to be the dazzling accretion disks surrounding enormous supermassive black holes that weigh-in at millions to billions of solar-masses. It is thought that every large galaxy in the Universe hosts a supermassive black hole in its hidden, hungry heart–including our own Milky Way.

During the Cosmic Dark Ages, hydrogen, the most abundant atomic element in the Universe, was virtually invisible–embodying an energy state that cannot be distinguished from the ambient cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation–the relic radiation left from the Big Bang itself.

Astronomers think that when the Universe’s first-born stars ignited, they produced the ultraviolet radiation that caused sea-changes in the hydrogen atoms‘ distribution of energy states. These dramatic alterations induced hydrogen’s solitary electron to spin in alignment or opposite to the spin of its lone proton, thus causing hydrogen (as a whole) to decouple from the CMB. This means that hydrogen gas began to either emit or absorb that radiation, at a characteristic wavelength of 21 centimeters, which is equivalent to a frequency of 1,420 megahertz. But as the Universe expanded over time, this radiation became red-shifted to lower and lower frequencies. By the time the 21-centimeter radiation managed to reach our planet at present, it landed somewhere in the range of 100 megahertz.

Dr. Rogers and his team have been using EDGES to spot hydrogen that floated around the ancient Cosmos in order to precisely determine when the first stars ignited.

„There is a great technical challenge to making this detection. Sources of noise can be a thousand times brighter than the signal they are looking for. It is like being in the middle of a hurricane and trying to hear the flap of a hummingbird’s wing,“ noted Dr. Peter Kurczynski in the February 28, 2018 MIT Press Release. Dr. Kurczynski is program director for Advanced Technologies and Instrumentation, in the Division of Astronomical Sciences at the NSF.

The antenna of this instrument detects radio waves from the entire sky, and the scientists originally tuned it to listen in at a frequency range of 100 to 120 megahertz. However, when they looked within this range, they initially did not detect much of any signal. The researchers then realized that theoretical models had predicted that primordial hydrogen should emit within this range if the gas was hotter than the ambient medium. But what if the gas was in fact colder? Models predict that the hydrogen should then absorb radiation more strongly in the 50 to 100 megahertz frequency range.

„As soon as we switched our system to this lower range, we started seeing things that we felt might be a real signature,“ Dr. Rogers commented in the February 28, 2018 MIT Press Release.

Specifically, the astronomers observed a flattened absorption profile–a dip in the radio waves, at about 78 megahertz.

„“We see this dip most strongly at about 78 megahertz, and that frequency corresponds to roughly 180 million years after the Big Bang. In terms of a direct detection of a signal from the hydrogen gas itself, this has got to be the earliest,“ Dr. Rogers added.

This dip in radio waves was both much deeper and stronger than theoretical models had predicted. This suggests that the hydrogen gas at the time was much colder than previously believed. The radio waves‘ profile also matches theoretical predictions of what would be produced if hydrogen was influenced by the Universe’s first-born stars.

„The signature of this absorption feature is uniquely associated with the first stars. Those stars are the most plausible source of radiation that would produce this signal,“ Dr. Lonsdale explained in the February 28, 2018 MIT Press Release.

„It is unlikely that we’ll be able to see any earlier into the history of stars in our lifetimes. This project shows that a promising new technique can work and has paved the way for decades of new astrophysical discoveries,“ study lead author Dr. Bowman noted in the same Press Release.

The scientists believe that this new detection lifts the veil from a previously mysterious era in the evolution of the Universe.

Dr. Lonsdale commented that „This is exciting because it is the first look into a particularly important period in the Universe, when the first stars and galaxies were beginning to form. This is the first time anybody’s had any direct observational data from that epoch.“

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Musik Kassette mit Notenschlüssel für Sänger & Liedermacher

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Kannst du dich noch erinnern als Jugendlicher dein Lieblingslied auf den Musik Band Kassetten mit dem Bleistift zurück gespult hast? Dieses stylische Motiv weckt Erinnerungen. Ideal als Kleinigkeit zum Verschenken von Geschenken für Weihnachten. Etwas für den Freund? Als Idee für Partner & Familie, Bruder & Schwester, Sohn & Tochter Liebhaber, Papa, Onkel, Neffe und den Kollege von der Arbeit.Ideal für Musiker und Liebhaber der alten Kassette mit Tonband. Bei diesem coolen Motiv werden Erinnerungen war. Früher spielte man seine Musikband über das Tape mit dem Kassettenspieler ab. Und für’s zurückspulen reichte ein Bleistift.
Deine alte Lieblingsmusik ist darauf gespeichert. Ein cooles Design für junge und alte Leute die bei ihrer Arbeit und Freizeit gern Mucke hören und der Melodie über Kopfhörer lauschen.
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Cosmetic Dentistry – An Introduction to Smile Makeovers

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Can you confidently smile while facing the camera? Are you unhappy with the shape or length of your teeth? Welcome to the world of smile makeovers! Cosmetic Dentistry has made it possible for everyone to have a smile that is no less than that of a Hollywood celebrity.

Recent statistics have shown that:

  1. More than 75% of the people lack the confidence to smile in front of the camera.
  2. Around 45% judge others by the way they smile.
  3. Around 80% of the people feel that their bad smiles have affected them psychologically.

Cosmetic Dentistry with the help of smile makeovers will change all that. Let's try and understand the concept of smile makeovers better!

Smile Makeovers

These involve (more than one in most cases) a cosmetic, facial rejuvenation or a dental procedure to improve the look of your smile. People go for smile makeovers for a number of reasons. While some go for them in order to get a pearly white, flawless, celebrity kind of look, others go for them in order to make simple improvements to their looks. Thanks to modern cosmetic dentistry, there are many ways to improve the looks for your smiles.

Here are some simple treatments at a glance:

  • Treatment for Crooked Teeth: Crooked teeth can be aligned with the help of conventional orthodontics as well as braces. 'Instant orthodontics' will require your teeth to be covered with porcelain veneers.
  • Treatment for Chipped / Broken Teeth: These can mainly be treated with the help of the following 3 procedures:
    1. Cosmetic Bonding
    2. Porcelain Veneers
    3. Porcelain Crowns

The type of treatment depends upon the amount of damage caused to your teeth.

  • Replacement of Missing Teeth: A number of functional problems may arise if your teeth start to fall off. Missing teeth can easily replaced with the help of smile makeovers. Some of the solutions include:
    1. Dental Implants
    2. Dental Bridges
    3. Dentures
  • Closing Unusual Gaps: Unusual gaps between your teeth can be easily closed in order to give you a more even looking smile. The procedures for closing unusual gaps are not time consuming at all. Some of them are porcelain veneers, general orthodontics (used to close gaps by bringing two consecutively placed teeth together!) And braces.
  • Gum Contouring: Gum Contouring is a surgical process and is transported out in order to correct 'gummy smiles'.
  • Teeth Whitening: Teeth Whitening is the one of the most popular cosmetic dentistry procedures of all. The procedure is used to correct all kinds of teeth discolouration problems like yellowness and staining.
  • The Cost of Smile Makeovers: The cost depends upon a number of factors such as:
    1. The kind of treatment required.
    2. The Dentist
    3. The type and quality of materials used.

A typical smile makeover may cost anywhere from £ 3000 – £ 50,000 (for complete makeovers).

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OPTEXX 5x RFID Schutzhülle TÜV geprüft & zerifiziert Finn für Kreditkarte EC-Karte Personal-Ausweis Hülle sicheres Blocking von Funk Chips

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Außen: ca. 88 mm x 58 mm
Gewicht: ca. 3 Gramm
✅ Bester RFID Schutz seit 2012 – Qualität & Sicherheit garantiert ✅ – Produkte sind mit dem TÜV-Prüfsiegel ausgezeichnet ✔
✅ OPTEXX RFID Schutzhülle I Kartenhülle 100% Schutz & TÜV zertifiziert ✔
✅ EC Kartenhüllen für Bankkarten und Kredit-karten, Ausweise, MasterCard PayPass, Visa PayWave , AmericanExpress ExpressPay , GiroGo Card, Versicherungs-, Schlüssel-, Ausweis- oder E-Ticket-Karte etc. ✔
✅ RFID Blocking Made in Germany ✔
Einmal kurz mit dem Handy an der Handtasche vorbei gewischt und schon lässt sich das Bankkonto plündern. Ein Alptraum, aber durchaus real. Neue Kreditkarten verfügen über einen Funkchip, der das Bezahlen erleichtern soll. Doch Marktcheck zeigt, dass Karten mit dieser Technologie ein Sicherheitsleck haben können….. Ihre Karten werden innerhalb dieser Schutzhülle vor versteckten Scannern und Missbrauch geschützt
✅ Perfekte Passform für ISO Karten Format
RFID Blocker



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Choosing the Right Game System

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1. Xbox 360

Xbox's most recent system is the Xbox 360 Elite, which is smaller than the Xbox 360. The Xbox 360 is preceded by the Xbox. Many older Xbox games can be played on the Xbox 360. Although there is a wide variety of games for the Xbox 360 for many age groups, Xbox games seem to target more mature gamers, such as teens and adults. The typical Xbox games are "war-like" games such as the extremely popular Halo series. You can also make friends online and play games in groups, such as raids on each others bases or working as a team to help out on quests. You have to buy Xbox Live to use these features. Xbox live can be purchased monthly for about $ 9 a month or annually for a little more than $ 200 a year. You can use your card on the console or buy Xbox Points to pay for them. You can also watch Netflix Instant Watch movies (if you have a Netflix membership), Zune new releases, connect it to your music on your pc, Facebook and many others. Accessories such as a headset and camera allow you to talk to and see your competitors. Newly released games for the Xbox 360 typically range from $ 50 to $ 60. New games, that are not new releases can often be found for $ 30 to $ 40. Used games can be found for as low as $ 10.

2. Nintendo Wii

Nintendo's most recent system is the Nintendo Wii which is designed with a "Wii Remote" and a "Nunchuck." Many games require only these two pieces. There are lots of add-ons to the Wii remote, such as a motion sensor which is required for some games, a balance board which is required for some games, and straps to attach the remote and nunchuck to you for games the monitor your movement . the new controllers are designed to be intuitive to use even for more mature gamers who typically disdain video games ('… back when I was a kid … ") Recently, games have been aimed at getting kids up and moving with games like Wii Resorts, where player participate in sports like throwing a Frisbee, jousting (which my kids just loved), bow and arrow, jet ski, etc. Most newer consoles come with Wii Sports that include games like bowling and tennis and monitors Progress each day. Many of the games are designed with a family theme, but there are just as many teen and adult games. glowed and had sound effects. There are tennis rackets for tennis, guns for shooting games, golf clubs, etc. I found some of these add-ons for a dollar at the Dollar Tree, and Big Lots sells a pack of controllers which are very inexpensive. One game we do not have, but a saw some sibli ngs playing, is boxing. You but the controller in boxing gloves and you punch at (but do not actually hit it please) the screen to score points and knock out your opponent (your sibling.) There are a number of exercise "games" where you exercise with the controllers and the "game" monitors your progress and offers tips and support. It's not all exercise. Many games, such as Raymon Raving Rabbids, has you sit on the Wii Balance Board and Skii. The balance board also turns into a Skate Board and is used for monitoring jogging, jumping, etc. The game price range is similar to that of the Xbox 360, but used games tend to cost a little more, and finding a used balance board, or camera is almost impossible. Although we have had our Wii for only a very short time and have only a few games (and not balance board or other cool things) I rate this console the highest for families looking to enjoy time together without running all over town to various activities. You can find consoles for less on ebay.com and shopgoodwill.com (just read carefully about functionality and always check shipping). GameStop offers used consoles too, and they have been refurbished, checked, and come with a warranty with an optional extended warranty. The Wii also plays Netflix instant watch games, but you have to ask Netflix for a special disk (which is free.)

3. PlayStation 2 or 3

Ok, I do not know a lot about the PlayStation 3, but we've had the PlayStation 2 for a very long time and it's games are great for the "almost a teen" age group. Our first games was Rachet and Clank, which we got when my son was 6. He really enjoyed it then and picked up the controls pretty quickly. The controls for the PlayStation 2 are more similar to the "legacy" (legacy means old like Atari controllers and joysticks.) I believe the PlayStation 3 features controllers that are very similar to the Xbox 360 controllers. You have to buy the upgraded PlayStation 3 in order for it to be backwards compatible with PlayStation 2 games. PlayStation 3 is also trying to pick-up more of the mature market and offers more mature games. There are cameras for this game and you have the ability to interact with other players.

4. Handheld games: Nintendo DS / DSI vs. PSP (PlayStation Portable)

If you travel a lot, then a handheld system is best for you. Both the PSP, and Nintendo DSI will connect to local Wireless networks and play games. The Nintendo DSI is the latest release of handhelds by Nintendo and preceded by the DS, Game Boy Advance, and just Game Boy. Each of the systems used little "cartridge" type games that plug-into the console and the DSI is backwards compatible with all of it's predecessors. These cartridges are very sturdy which makes them excellent for children. We actually found one that had been dropeed by my cousin, rained on and driven on and it still worked! Also, the Nintendo DSI is much bigger than the Nintedo DS. The PSP uses tiny CD-like disks which require responsible care. I think both the PSP and Nintendo DSI have similar lines of games and movies available, and both will connect to a wireless network. The Nintendo DS / DSI can download games from stations at places like Walmart. I have not used this feature yet, and it is unclear as to if you have to pay a fee. I will update you the first time I try it out!

Summary:

A game system for family fun: Nintendo Wii A game system for teen agers and more mature players: Xbox 360 or PlayStation 3 A game system that encourages exercise: Nintendo Wii A game system for older children, around 6 and older: PlayStation 3 A game system for watching movies on the go: Nintendo DSI or PSP A portable video game system: Nintendo DS / DSI or PSP A game system for younger children: Nintendo Wii or PlayStation 2 (or the upgraded PlayStation 3). For young children, you may also want to consider less expensive options like Nintendo 64 and PlayStation 1.

One more note, each of the systems have Band and Singing games, such as Guitar Hero, Rock Band, Sing it !, etc. and have accessories for them such as microphones, guitars, and drum sets. The accessories, although the same vary in price depending on the system.

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Source by Lisa Baird