Rockabilly Instrumental Music Played Its Part In Rock And Roll History Too

One of the characteristics that people most often think about when they think of rockabilly music is the famous „hiccupy“ vocal styles. Elvis, Buddy Holly, Carl Perkins, and many others used this technique to different extents when recording their seminal rockabilly tracks. But rockabilly music wasn’t always about the vocals. Several great rockabilly instrumentals hold their place in rockabilly history as well.

  • Bill Justis, „Raunchy“: „Raunchy was the first rock and roll instrumental hit and reached #2 on the American charts in 1957. It was recorded by Sam Phillips in his Memphis Recording Service studios and released on his Phillips record label. The record sold over a million copies and set the stage for future rock instrumental hits. The sax sound on this recording is nasty. Nasty but beautiful!
  • Link Wray and his Wraymen, „Rumble“: Link Wray is one of the icons of 50s instrumental rock and roll and „Rumble“ is as evil as it gets. This is actually a very simplistic song and the guitar work is not all that complex, but it has tons of attitude and no one could dare complain! If there is one defining rock and roll instrumental, this might be it.
  • Duane Eddy, „Rebel Rouser“: Eddy is another of instrumental rock’s crowed princes. „Rebel Rouser“ is also another signature tune of the genre. Starting with Eddy’s tremolo guitar sound seeped in reverb, this one is a precursor to the surf guitar sounds of the 60s. It then launches into another nasty-sounding sax solo and ends off on a key change. You didn’t hear too many key changes in rockabilly music and this is one of the most famous!
  • Joe Maphis and Larry Collins, „Hurricane“: Larry Collins was the impish little-brother half of the Collins kids. Larry and Lorrie were literally just children when they started making hit records. While most of their songs featured Lorrie’s vocals, it was often little Larry–a guitar wizard at the ripe old age of 10–who stole the show with his jumping-bean stage antics and blazing guitar work. Country star Joe Maphis–also an amazing guitarist–served as Larry’s mentor and they often performed together with their signature double-necked guitars. Sometimes they both played one neck of the same guitar. „Hurricane“ is about as wild as it gets and squeezes more notes into less than three minutes than just about any other song I can think of. These guys prove that „shredding“ didn’t start with Eddie Van Halen!
  • Arthur Smith, „Guitar Boogie“: For those who insist that rockabilly music started in 1954 with Elvis, I submit this gem from Arthur Smith. Recorded in 1948, this is pretty darned close to rockabilly if you ask me! This is a wonderful guitar-based song with the lead work done on an acoustic guitar instead of the twangy electric guitar featured in most rockabilly songs. If it isn’t rockabilly, then it’s certainly rockabilly’s roots!

Those are just five instrumental tunes that prove that rockabilly wasn’t just about the vocals. Rockabilly instrumentation and virtuosity often didn’t get its rightful due, maybe because the music evoked such a happy-go-lucky, fun-loving vibe that people forgot to notice just how good those players really were. These rockabilly instrumentals, along with scores of others, give the instrumentalists a chance to show off!

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Buster Fayte

How to Get Him to Pop the Question

Let’s face it girls we all dream of the day when he’ll pop the question! Even before we know who he is. Yet you might have found the perfect guy, and now you are wondering what it is going to take to get him to pop the question?

As a gender we girls aren’t really patient either. When we know it is the one we don’t want to wait forever to get him to commit! We know it is forever, so how come he cannot figure it out? Well there are surefire ways to get him to commit right away, to go from hello to I do. It is simple, it works, and we all want to know what the secret is.

If you are just dying to get him to ask the question, if you’ve wondered if it isn’t beneath you to pop the question yourself then this is really something you need to check out. The man should ask you always! You can figure out the secret to getting him to propose, even before he realizes that he is ready to ask the question.

Can you get him to propose soon? Can you get him down the aisle even though he is a confirmed bachelor? Yes you can, you can figure out how to get him to pop the question.

Do you want to know how? Are you ready to go from a bachelorette to happily married? Are you ready for the ring, and the whole nine yards? Well if you are then there is no reason to wait any longer, all you have to do is follow these instructions and you can get any guy to propose.

Confirmed bachelor? Doesn’t matter, he will pop the question for sure if you know the secret to getting him to ask. There are men out there who swear that they will never get married, if your man is one of these guys do not worry, you can still get him to propose and get him down the aisle if you just know how.

He might say that he is a confirmed bachelor, or it may simply be that you haven’t known each other very long. Still we women know when it is right, and as they say the man is always the last to know about these things, so how do you get him to pop the question? Well we will tell you how.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Kandi Moore

3 Reasons To Advertise Your Business On an Internet Radio Show

A lot of businesses are missing out on the goldmine of advertising over internet radio stations that reach their ideal clients frequently and on an affordable budget. Businesses have changed with the times with their equipment and many other advertising mediums, but not in the radio sector. For those who didn’t know there was an alternative to traditional radio broadcasting, this article will introduce you to this glaring and growing phenomenon of people enjoying control of the content they consume and experiencing more connection and community associated with it through internet radio platforms.

Reach your Ideal Listener/Consumer

Internet radio is broadcast (more properly called „webcast“) live, just like traditional radio, only you connect to it via a web address that indicates the opening of a media player. The world of internet radio stations is much more vast and often has a grassroots feel that listeners love and feel more a part of. Gone are the times of purely local agenda. Listeners now can choose radio stations based on their own interests. This is a total advantage to business owners because they can advertise with a radio station hyper-relevant to their product or service. With traditional barriers broken, internet radio stations and businesses can partner in a number of ways that local broadcasts can’t.

Have more of your Listener’s Attention and Time

In our busy 21st century lives, consumers want more relaxing ways to enjoy their entertainment. Streaming music and radio show stations, and podcasts have gained popularity over television, movies, and books the past few years because you can enjoy it while doing virtually anything. This is proven true by the fact that 2 of the top 5 apps in America are YouTube and Pandora.

Traditional radio is typically listened to during certain peaks hours of the day, during the listener’s commute. Internet radio stations can be listened to anywhere, while your ideal listener does anything; walking, cleaning, or lying down with their eyes closed! This means that there are no peak hours you pay a premium to advertise within. Your advertisements will be beneficially webcast to a larger audience of listeners that are already well-matched to your product or service any time of day, for any length of time!

Internet Radio Advertising is one of the Most Cost-Effective Advertising Mediums

Advertising in newspapers, television commercials, and traditional radio has grown in price dramatically over the years, despite their viewership continuing to decrease year after year. Radio, both traditional and webcast radio, have grown less in price than any other form of advertising, so you can take advantage of this unpopular, yet effective medium before anyone finds out this best-kept secret!

Remember, with radio advertising, you’re always the only thing they will (mentally) see or hear when your advertisement comes on. You are always center stage, or front page if you will. Elsewhere, your ad must compete with other advertisements pining for the consumer’s attention, but one listener can only listen to one thing at a time. And with this amazing advantage, you can charm your consumer with more creative expression than ever before. With audio advertising you can use music, voice, and sound effects, invoking emotion that other mediums of advertisement lack.

Another point of advantage is that with online radio advertising, your consumer is already online. If your ad peaks their interest, it won’t take them much effort to browse your website or respond to whatever call to action you put out there.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Aaron Phillips

It Only Takes One Person To Open Their Eyes And Notice The Stars

The Power Of One Person To Change The World

It only takes one person to open their eyes in awe to notice the stars. What does this passage mean to you? I don’t intend it to be a riddle, though I’m interested in your understanding of it? Allow me to give you some background as to its origin. I was talking with a client recently about understanding an idea that changes the course of our lives. Have you experienced moments like this, where you grasped a concept that changed your perception of life? I’ve experienced many of these moments. My client captured the essence of our conversation saying: „Tony, it’s like when someone opens their eyes and looks up in awe at the stars and sees light instead of darkness. Soon after, others follow their lead bringing with it an energising feeling of shared joy.“

You light the darkness when you open your eyes to your fears and give yourself to infinite possibilities and wonder. It is why we cannot discount the value of each moment to awaken the unlimited potential that lies within us. If I am to impart one piece of wisdom, it is this: everyone you meet, and every moment carries with it a treasure that can awaken the wisdom within you. We are one people, one collective consciousness divided by: religion, geography, ethnicity, education and upbringing. Whilst these qualities makes us different, I liken it to comparing a fountain pen to a ballpoint pen. Yes, they are different in many aspects yet they are both writing tools that help us communicate with one another. It doesn’t matter whether I use a ballpoint pen or you use an expensive Mont Blanc pen. The recipient does not recognise the difference because the ink on the paper communicates the message.

In these unpredictable times there’s a lot of uncertainty in the world, yet a great deal to be hopeful for. We mustn’t discount the power of one person to change the world. Recently, a young Swedish environmental activist Greta Thunberg, has stirred controversy by pleading to leaders of countries to review their position on climate change. Who would have thought a 16-year-old girl would cause so much debate, mainly amongst privileged white men who feel emasculated? It only takes one person to open their eyes in awe to notice the stars and change the course of humanity. I’m not suggesting Greta Thunberg is that person because it is too early to tell. She may fade into obscurity for all we know. However, it is the message these individuals carry that we must pay attention to. We could say the same of Elon Musk who has been instrumental in his work over the past decade. What I am saying is: when an individual sees the world differently, instead of criticising them we ought to look in the same direction to get a glimpse of what they see.

First They Ignore You

Are you comfortable embracing those who are different, rather than projecting our unresolved pain onto them? Elon Musk, Bill Gates, Stephen Hawking or other pioneers of the 21st century sought to see the world differently, many of them possessing unique learning and behavioural abilities. Each individual with an idea will stop at nothing to bring their idea to life. I am reminded of the quote attributed to Mahatma Gandhi in which he said: „First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.“ Rather than criticise those with a unique message, we ought to consider it with an open mind. It doesn’t mean we rush to embrace it but contemplate whether there is importance to it. There will be many like Greta Thunberg to come. Some will be old, some will be young but we mustn’t attack them but listen with a heartfelt awareness to gauge whether there is truth to their wisdom.

Humanity is crying out for leaders and changemakers. It is yearning for those with a strong character and a tenacious will. We must support our leaders because as Steve jobs put it so eloquently in 1997: „Here’s to the crazy ones, the misfits, the rebels, the troublemakers, the round pegs in the square holes… the ones who see things differently – they’re not fond of rules, and they have no respect for the status quo… You can quote them, disagree with them, glorify or vilify them, but the only thing you can’t do is ignore them because they change things… They advance humanity forward, and while some may see them as the crazy ones, we see genius, because the people who are crazy enough to think they can change the world, are the ones who do.“

These are the people that will light the spark of ingenuity and inspiration for mankind. These people compel us to open our eyes in awe and look to the darkness to see the light. Such people walk into a dark room, signifying the darkness of the world and create a brighter future and hope for humanity. Let’s not be the ones to chastise them because their opinions do not conform to the masses. We don’t want them to conform because conformity doesn’t change the world. Let us applaud the heroes, the influencers. The innovators and the inventors with a vision to see a new world for humanity. Awareness is a powerful faculty because when it is engaged, it can cross the threshold of time and erase the past in a split second. It can move us from problems to solutions and we mustn’t discount the power of one person to change the collective consciousness of humanity.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Tony Fahkry

Celebrity Hair Transplants – Undergoing Cosmetic Procedures As a Public Figure

Hair transplant procedures, when done right, with an experienced hair surgeon using the right tools and technique, should ideally have seamless and natural-looking results. However, when any of the above standards are not met, the result can be ineffective. Unfortunately, many men, celebrity and non-celebrity, have faced this issue. The added scrutiny of public attention, however, can contribute to a desire for more discrete procedures and subtle results. Older procedures, such as scalp reduction and flap procedures, can make this difficult.

Scalp reduction, a method no longer practiced by hair transplant surgeons today, was a popular restoration procedure in the 1980s. It involved the surgical removal of bald areas on the scalp. The bald skin of the scalp was excised, and the two ends on either side were stretched and sutured together. This was done to reduce the surface area of bald regions caused by androgenic alopecia, or male pattern hair loss.

The cutting, stretching and pulling involved in scalp reduction resulted in common side effects such as a loss of tightness in the scalp, creating a „stretch back“ effect and visible signs of baldness, as well as hypoesthesia around the excision area and stretched skin around the sutures. Isolated patches of baldness are also common side effects of the procedure.

The conventional approach to FUE is to extract such hair individually with a punch tool from the back of the head, but this is limited in effectiveness due to both the natural thickness of the native hair there, which may look harsh on the temple and hairline, as well as the limited supply of hair in that area. An ideal solution would be to augment the donor supply with hair that matches the intended recipient area, from a non-head location. Most basic FUE tools, however, have trouble extracting such hair safely due to the angle of growth in non-head locations, such as the nape of the neck, beard, torso, leg, etc. A more advanced tool would be needed for such a procedure, capable of extracting all hair types from all hair locations.

Black celebrities can be at a disadvantage when it comes to hair transplant procedures, due to the severe curves of afro-textured hair underneath the skin, which straight, cylindrical punches often struggle to extract safely. Additionally, the tough skin texture, and strong tissue attachments to follicular units, often add to the challenge of removing these grafts from the surrounding skin. FUSS is a method of hair transplant in which a strip of hair-bearing scalp is cut from the back of the head. Hair follicles are then extracted from this strip of scalp and then implanted in the areas of hair loss. A drawback to this method is the visibility of the linear scar formed from the excision when wearing short hairstyles, as well as its tendency for it to stretch downward. Although FUSS is not as popular a procedure as it once was, due to the linear-scar free method of FUE, some African-American men may opt for the former due to past reputation black FUE procedures.

New advances in hair transplant technology present possible solutions for patients with afro-textured hair. One such advancement is the recent debut of the world’s first ultrasonic hair transplant on a patient in the aforementioned category. Ultrasonic frequencies, appropriately tuned for the patient’s skin tissue, combined with the use of a curved, sharp, punch designed for the curves of afro-textured hair, enabled an easier excision of the curly hair grafts from the tough skin and strong attachments.

The use of ultrasound in FUE may also be applied to other non-rotary tools, such as one designed for unshaven hair transplant, for a more efficient, discrete procedure — ideal for public figures as well as individuals who cannot take time off of work after the procedure.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Sanusi Umar, M.D.

African Rock Python

Physical Description This species of snake is considered as the largest of all rock pythons reaching a height of 4.8mt. Their body size varies and male pythons are bigger in size compared to female. Their body is thick and the whole body is covered with colorful blotches. Markings of the body vary between chestnut, olive, yellow and brown. Their head is triangular in shape and the teeth are sharp and curved backwardly. Under their eye there is a mark which is termed as the sobocular mark. The scales of their body are small and smooth and these pythons are known for having two lungs and also they have pelvic spurs.

Habitat and Distribution They prefer wide range of habitats which includes savanna, grassland, forest, rocky areas, deserts and much more. They are basically seen in areas having plenty of water. Rock pythons are mostly seen on the edges of lakes, swamps and rivers. Cane fields are their popular destination. They are dependent on water and become dormant during the dry season. Their distribution range is wide. They are found throughout the whole of sub-Saharan Africa, Ethiopia, Somalia, and South Arica. This species of snakes are also found in some parts of Kenya.

Diet and Behavior Rock pythons are carnivorous. These non-venomous snakes kill their prey by constriction. They feed on all types of rodents, antelopes, monkeys, deer, fruit bats, lizards and even crocodiles. Within a minute they kill the prey and grasp whole of their body. They also eat dogs and goats in suburban areas. They can live without food for a long time only if the animal it has eaten is large enough. They are solitary snakes and only unite during the breeding season. They prefer staying on the grounds and sometime climb up the trees. They are good swimmers and can stay submerge for a long time. Juveniles are active during day and these snakes are known widely for their aggressive nature. If annoyed, they will bite and constrict. Their bites are painful and if not treated can result in something dangerous.

Reproduction, Life cycle and Life span African Rock Python mating season starts in the spring. These pythons are oviparous laying 20-50 eggs which are even hard-shelled. They lay their eggs in old animal burrow that are also termed as mound or cave. Female pythons take care of the eggs by coiling around the eggs and protecting them from the predators. Incubation session starts until they hatch out some 80-90 days later. The female pythons guard the new born for three-four weeks. Hatchlings stretch to a length of 45-60cm and appear exactly like the adults. The only difference is the color variation. Pythons can live up to 10-12 years in wild and 15 years in captivity.

Interesting Facts

• On warm days, these pythons bask in sun.

• These pythons lack venom glands.

• They are known for killing humans.

• Prey captured by these pythons die before they are consumed.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Katherine Mathew Brown

Howard Jones – Best-selling Buddhist Pop Star

Howard Jones was a best-selling British pop-star of the mid-1980’s known for his uplifting synth melodies and truly unique haircut. Throughout his career Jones promoted vegetarianism and spirituality, and today is a practising Buddhist.

The musical beginnings of British popular artist, vegetarian, practising Buddhist and master of 1980’s synthesiser-pop Howard Jones were auspicious, although he probably didn’t recognise it at the time. A piano player and teacher from an early age, he was involved in a car accident which left him injured. One of his students–and later wife–Jan Smith, who was in the vehicle at the time, claimed compensation on his behalf, and used the money to buy him a synthesiser–a Moog Prodigy. He was actually sent two by mistake, and liked their combination so much he paid for the second. Thus a synth-pop legend was born.

Howard Jones would appear initially on stage with a mime artist named Jed Hoile, performing improvised choreography whilst doused in white paint. It seems the world wasn’t yet ready for New Wave synth-mime, and Jones made the big time sans improvised mime artist–although Jed was brought back for a special 20th Anniversary retro set in 2003.

The mid-eighties saw a frenzy of albums and top 40 hits in both the UK and the US for this so called „respectable“ face of pop, and the single ‚Like To Get To Know You Well,‘ an unofficial anthem to the Los Angeles Olympics, was huge around the world. Jones also had one of the best haircuts in the business, described by one authority as a peculiar early 80’s combo of mop-top and dyed spikes.

Despite sudden fame, fortune and eight million albums sold, Jones remained true to his ideals, promoting strong feelings for animal rights and and against human excess. His first album, the platinum selling chart topping „Human’s Lib,“ is both a reference in title to the animal liberation movement and the moksha of the Buddhist and Indian religions.

Look in better places gonna look inside

Gonna get higher something is pulling me on

Breaking down the old ways feeling no regret

Gone are the shaky sands Ive been building on

(Hunt The Self)

Jones‘ second album, „Dream into Action,“ also successful, continued a long-standing advocacy of vegetarianism, with the track ‚Assault & Battery‘ pulling no punches:

Children’s stories with their farmyard favourites

On the table in a different disguise

Another song from the album, ‚Hunger For the Flesh,‘ was a lyrical treatise on the Buddhist Noble Truths, Jones singing from the heart about karmic attachment and rebirth:

They came here for to dance

To learn and not to cling

Holding onto life

As if it were the important thing

‚Is There A Difference‘ continues the album’s strong Eastern theme, lyrics based upon Chapter 20 of the Tao Te Ching (The Way of Life).

A former Christian, Jones was introduced to Buddhism by a friend and never looked back. A devotee of Nichiren Buddhism, a thousand year old Japanese off-shoot noted for it’s focus on the Lotus Sutra and the belief that realisation of the Buddha-nature is in the present life, he chants daily for an hour in the morning and thirty minutes at night.

Twenty years since the peak of his fame, Howard Jones continues his musical quest for enlightenment, releasing „Revolution of the Heart“ in 2005 with a strong lyrical message for inner human change, or to quote the musician himself, „in fact a revolution of the heart.“

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by John Paul Gillespie

How To Keep Your Radio Audience Engaged

So you have a traditional radio spot, an internet radio station, show, or podcast, and now you need to know how to make newcomers loyal listeners. This article outlines the most essential steps to make your brand’s listeners wanting to tune in regularly.

Know Your Ideal Listener

Coming up with show concepts is an art form. Beyond that, it’s a must to know exactly who would be tuning into your concept. You will want to both explore which listeners are likely to tune in every week and also which companies and brands would want to target them if you are considering getting sponsors. Basic demographics to consider are geographic areas likely to tune in, races, music preference, gender, and age. After you’ve profiled your ideal listener in these more general areas, you can consider their interests and lifestyle more in-depth. Google photos of what your ideal listener might look like and pin them around your station or in your home where you are likely to see them before going off to broadcast. Over time, you can use real pictures of actual listeners of your show!

Respond To „Mail“ and Partner With Their Favorites

Shaping a show your audience loves will take some participation from the audience, and you must listen to their feedback. Positive and negative comments, emails, reviews, or snail mail, should be responded to on a regular basis. As you grow in popularity, you may not be able to them all. Just let your listeners know you do carve time to read them. Satisfy listeners by attempting to partner with their favorite role models, companies, and brands, either in the form of an interview, advertising spots, offers, or events.

Promote a Sense of Community

Emodus Research company committed time in 2013 to understand more thoroughly the bond between NPR and its listeners. According to the study, listeners who are more emotionally connected to a station have a stronger bond than with local, traditional stations that move them to donate at a rate of 4 times the amount than satisfied listeners. This is the difference between satisfied listeners and brand loyal listeners.

You can achieve these results by first completing the previous two suggestions, and continuing to make the station interactive for listeners in innovative ways that maybe others are, or are not doing.

Give Them More Ways To Devour Your Content

Media.info director and radio futurologist, James Cridland, says „Don’t waste your time on which platform is the future, because the answer is: all of them. Radio’s future is a multi-platform future. The right platform, for the right person, right now.“ Blogs, videos, individual Facebook accounts and forum user accounts, articles, newsletters and email campaigns are all ways for your fans to stay connected on a more personal and regular basis, further solidifying their level of brand loyalty.

Promote Your Show!

So many radio personalities think sitting on a show is enough to attract listeners and the truth is it’s not and it’s much less fun. Get out there and meet people at events! Donate air time to causes you and your listeners believe in! Brag about your accomplishments and happiest, most satisfying moments on air over your social media accounts! Promote your show however you like, but do promote your show/station.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Aaron Phillips

Evicted Stellar Duos: Misery Loves Company

Our own Sun is a solitary star, whose sparkling stellar siblings wandered off to other regions of our Milky Way Galaxy long ago. However, our lovely, but lonely, Star is an exception to the general rule. This is because most stars dwell in the company of others of their kind. Indeed, observations conducted over the past two centuries indicate that 50% or more of all visible stars are members of multiple stellar systems. The most common multiple star systems are called binary systems, and they contain two sister stars that orbit around their common center of gravity (barycenter). In May 2019, a team of astronomers using the Chandra X-ray Telescope demonstrated what can be achieved when space telescopes like Chandra are used to study galaxy clusters for long periods of time. By combining 15 days worth of Chandra observations of the Fornax galaxy cluster, spread out between 1999 and 2015, the astronomers discovered the existence of unfortunate stellar duos that had been tragically evicted from their host galaxies inhabiting the cluster.

Stars are born when an extremely dense blob of material, embedded within the billowing, swirling folds of one of the many giant, frigid, and dark molecular clouds that haunt our Milky Way Galaxy, collapses under the merciless squeeze of its own gravity. These beautiful, undulating star-birthing clouds serve as the cradles of sparkling baby stars (protostars), that form as the dense blob collapses. However, most blobs fragment, forming multiple sister stars, rather than a single solitary star like our Sun.

Stellar binaries have proven themselves, time and time again, to be valuable tools for astronomers to use in their observations–and they are especially useful for x-ray studies. For a large number of binary systems, the stellar duo circle around their common center of mass as a result of their mutual gravitational attraction. But, complications arise when the two sibling stars evolve independently (wide biaries). Wide binaries can be compared to siblings that live in different cities but nevertheless keep in touch by talking on their phones. Wide binaries play a particularly important role in astronomy because they are the best tool available when astronomers seek to measure stellar masses. This is because astronomers, by observing both the period and size of the orbit, can then go on to apply the theory of gravity to their observations.

However, not all binary stars are so distant, and these more closely-knit stars can be compared to siblings who live on the same street. These kindred stellar duos are appropriately dubbed close binaries, and the two stars involved are so close to each other that they are able to transfer matter to one another. This exchange greatly influences the appearance of both stars, as well as the way that they evolve.

Frequently, stellar binaries are spotted by astronomers using optical wavelengths in order to detect them. For this reason, these double stars are appropriately referred to as visual binaries. A large number of visual binaries possess long orbital periods that can amount to several centuries or millennia. This means that their orbits are poorly determined by astronomers, because they are uncertain or completely unknown. These stellar duos can also be spotted by astronomers using indirect techniques, such as spectroscopy (spectroscopic binaries) or astrometry (astrometric binaries). If a double star system chances to orbit in a plane along astronomers‘ line of sight, its two stellar siblings will eclipse and transit one another. These stellar pairs are referred to as eclipsing binaries. Alternatively, if the two stars are discovered because of alterations in brightness during eclipses and transits, they are termed photometric binaries.

If the two binary sibling stars are sufficiently close to one another they can gravitationally distort their mutual outer stellar atmospheres. Sometimes these close binary systems are able to exchange mass, which can cause them to evolve in a way that is not possible for solitary stars like our Sun. Binary stars are also common as the nuclei of many planetary nebulae, and these stars can serve as the progenitors of both novae and Type Ia supernovae. Both novae and Type Ia supernovae involve a type of stellar corpse called a white dwarf star, which is the lingering core of a small hydrogen-burning „normal“ star like our Sun that has used up its necessary supply of nuclear-fusing fuel and has puffed its outer gaseous layers into space. A nova is a non-fatal explosion that occurs on the surface of a white dwarf in a binary system. It occurs when the white dwarf star has managed to sip up enough gas from its nearby sister star to have it build up on its surface to the point that it triggers a brilliant explosion–that does not destroy the vampire-like white dwarf. However, sometimes the white dwarf pays for its crime and destroys itself completely in a Type Ia supernova explosion. If the thirsty white dwarf dwells in a binary system with a very unfortunate sister star, and it manages to „steal“ enough gas from its victim, the gas piles up on the white dwarf’s surface to the tragic point that it triggers a runaway thermonuclear blast that fatally blows this stellar vampire to smithereens. Nothing of the white dwarf remains to tell the story of how once there was a star that is a star no more.

Two’s Company

The term binary star was used for the first time by the German-born English astronomer Sir William Herschel (1738-1822) in 1802, when he wrote:

If, on the contrary, two stars should really be situated very near each other, and at the same time so far insulated as not to be materially affected by the attractions of neighboring stars, they will then compose a separate system, and remain united by the bond of their own mutual gravitation towards each other. This should be called a real double star; and any two stars that are thus mutually connected form the binary sidereal system which we are now to consider.

The term binary star itself is usually limited to only those stellar duos that revolve around their shared center of mass. The more general term double star designates pairs of stars which are observed to be very near to one another in the sky. This distinction between binary stars and double stars is not usually made in languages other than English. Hence, double stars can be either binary systems or merely two stars that appear to be close to one another in the sky but, nevertheless, actually have very different real distances from our own Sun (optical doubles or optical pairs).

Ever since the invention of the first telescopes, a large number of double stars have been detected. Early examples include the stars dubbed Mizar and Acrux. Mizar is located in the Big Dipper (Ursa Major) constellation, and it was observed to be a double star by the Italian astronomer Giovanni Battista Riccioli (1598-1671) in 1650. However, Mizar may have been detected earlier by another Italian astronomer Benedetto Castelli (1578-1643) and the great Italian astronomer and physicist Galileo Galilei (1564-1642). Acrux is a brilliant southern star, situated in the Southern Cross. It was discovered to be a double star by the French mathematician Father Jean de Fontenay (1643-1710) in 1685.

The English natural philosopher John Michell (1724-1793) was the first to propose that double stars are physically bound to one another gravitationally. In 1767, Michell argued that the likelihood that a double star was merely the result of a chance alignment was improbable. William Herschell began observing double stars in 1779 and shortly thereafter published catalogs listing around 700 double stars. By 1803, Herschel had managed to detect alterations in the relative positions of numerous double stars over the span of two and a half decades. He went on to conclude that the double stars that he had discovered must be binary systems. However, the first orbit of a binary star was not determined until 1827, when the French astronomer Felix Savary (1797-1841) calculated the orbit of Xi Ursa Majoris.

Since those early discoveries, many more double stars have been measured and catalogued. The Washington Double Star Catalog is a database that lists visual double stars compiled by the United States Naval Observatory. This catalog includes more than 100,000 double stars, including binary stars and optical doubles. Orbits have been determined for only a few thousand of these double stars, and most have still not been confirmed as either optical double stars or true binaries. This confirmation can be determined by watching the relative motion of the stellar duos. If the motion is part of an orbit, or if the two stars sport similar radial velocities and the difference in their proper motions is small compared to their common proper motion, the duo is deemed to likely be physically bound. One of the tasks remaining for visual observers of double stars is to collect enough observations to prove or disprove a gravitational connection between stellar pairs.

When Misery Loves Company

Binary pairs can consist of a number of differing combinations of stellar duos.The two sibling stars can be a combination of main-sequence (hydrogen-burning) stars like our own Sun, or they can be a pair of exotic and dense oddballs–such as neutron stars and black holes of stellar mass. Neutron stars are born when a massive star has managed to burn its necessary supply of nuclear-fusing fuel and then blasts itself to smithereens in the fury of a Type II supernova explosion. This explosion occurs when the core of the doomed massive star collapses onto itself. However, under certain conditions, these fiery and enormous blasts are not symmetric. The powerful recoil that results from this lack of symmetry can kick the luckless star screeching out of its host galaxy, where it formerly resided peacefully, as a still-living star on the hydrogen-burning main-sequence of the Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram of Stellar Evolution. However, the new Chandra results reveal that sometimes misery loves company. This is because the newborn neutron star’s unfortunate companion is also booted out of its home galaxy along with the wreckage of its sister star.

In addition to these rudely evicted X-ray binaries, the Chandra astronomers discovered about 150 other sources dwelling outside the boundaries of the galaxies being observed by the space telescope. One possible proposal explaining this observation suggests that these sources reside in the halos, or in the far suburbs, of the Fornax cluster’s central giant galaxy–where they were born. A second proposal suggests that they are X-ray binaries that were torn away from a galaxy by the powerful gravitational force of a nearby galaxy during a flyby. Yet a third explanation suggests that they are X-ray binaries left behind as a part of the remnants of an unfortunate galaxy that had been stripped of most of its stars as the result of a galactic smash-up. Such interactions are thought to be relatively frequent in a crowded region like the one in the Fornax cluster.

A paper describing these new results is published in the May 1, 2019 issue of The Astrophysical Journal.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Judith E Braffman-Miller

Celebrity Makeup Artists Offers Valuable Help For All

Carol Brown, who has a very impressive background as a celebrity makeup artist, now shares her secrets with all women in her new book „Natural to Knockout Makeup Beauty and You.“

In her well-written guide, Brown offers insights into how facial anatomy, attitudes, exercise, nutrition, and inner beauty contribute to natural classic beauty. She offers specific help tips in applying makeup to accentuate individual facial features.

Carol Brown’s career spreads across television, feature films, HBO movies, commercials, videos, print, editorial, photo shoots and theatre. She has worked with countless celebrities including Usher, Terrance Howard, LL Cool J, Jane Fonda, Halle Berry, Queen Latifah, Jeffrey Wright, Brooke Shields, Vivica A. Fox. Carol has received 3 Emmy Awards and has been nominated 7 times for outstanding achievement in makeup artistry.

A former member of the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences (ATAS), International Association of Theatrical and Stage Employees (IATSE), and Aesthetics International Association (AIA). Carol has received 3 Emmy Awards and been nominated 7 times for outstanding achievement in makeup artistry.

Carol was the founder and CEO of the Natural Empowerment Foundation (NEF), a non-profit 501c(3) dedicated to providing guidance to today’s young women by implementing positive community interaction, and efforts to gain self-respect, positive self-image, principles, decorum, distinction and non-violence.

She has conducted makeup seminars, workshops, and lectures, as well as sponsored makeup, grooming, and self esteem events for under privileged youth, foundations that deal with women and substance abuse, foundations that deal with abused women and children and professional women’s organizations.

In her book, Brown presents such detailed suggestions and instructions that I think „Natural to Knockout“ would make an excellent textbook for use by cosmetology schools. She is a natural teacher with extensive knowledge about specific makeup techniques to enhance natural beauty that would be of high value for aspiring makeup artists.

Another valuable contribution made by Brown in her book is that she teaches how to improve appearance and achieve natural beauty without spending tons of money on makeup products. I found „Natural to Knockout“ to be a very helpful tool and a one-of-a-kind makeup resource.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Emory Daniels

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