The Origins of Rock Climbing

The history of climbing is a recent history. Unlike many sports, climbing does not date back to ancient times. People tended to climb the steep faces of rocky cliffs only when they had to and now they do it because they want to do it.

There was some rock climbing down as a part of Alpine mountaineering. This was done most for rescue type operations. It was not until the latter part of the 19th century that rock climbing was first seen as a sporting activity. It seems to have emerged in three distinct European areas around this time. The first was in Germany in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains in the Southeastern part of the country near the Czech border. By 1903, there were almost 500 climbers active in this region and climbing clubs were being formed.

Around the same time, rock climbing was being viewed as a sport in England. Some of the early climbers attracted a lot of attention with solo climbs of very difficult cliff formations. It is here that the practice of assigning difficulty ratings to various formations began. Although formal climbing clubs were slow to form here, many climbers began to meet informally to discuss their climbs and share notes on techniques.

In the Dolomite Mountains of northern Italy, a 17 year old student from Munich, Germany, made a daring solo climb and this led to this area being the third great European hotbed of rock climbing. In the United States, rock climbing and mountain climbing were viewed as similar activities, and it was not until the 1950’s that it began to emerge as a separate sport. Still much of the techniques used in rock climbing were developed as a part of mountain climbing.

In recent years, rock climbing has going through a period of rapid evolution. New styles and improved equipment are constantly being introduced. Many rock climbers are starting to consider the hobby as almost more of a lifestyle than a sport. One trend has been the introduction of indoor rock climbing in urban areas. These facilities have artificial rock faces that are designed to simulate actual formations. The safety equipment used in the indoor arenas have made it possible to practice and experience much of the thrill and demanding nature of rock climbing without the risk.

Despite the safety equipment and improved techniques, rock climbing is not only a sport that demands a great deal of physical strength and stamina, but is also hazardous. The history of rock climbing is recent history because mankind had enough challenges to his strength and stamina in just routine living in the past. Rocks were only climbing if there was some compelling reason to climb them. It says much about our modern society that rock climbing is becoming a popular activity. There is something in human nature that always seeks a challenge. Rock climbing came into existence because of that basic drive.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Richard Chapo

Songwriters – Want to Write a Timeless Song?

When you write a song, think of it as something that will last forever. Sure, musical styles will change over time and that’s okay and expected. However, there are a couple of things you can avoid, lyrically, that can help preserve your song as time moves along.

Avoid Phrases of the Minute

A lot of times a phrase comes along that’s somehow really popular in the moment, and then it’s gone. At the very least, it’s branded as cheesy for the rest of eternity. For example, in the 90’s there was a certain period of time where it was actually socially acceptable to say something, and then follow it with „… Not!,“ to negate what you just said. Like, „You’re cool… Not!“ As lame as that seems now, there was a time when it was being said too frequently. We have Wayne’s World to thank for that one.

You may be thinking „I’d never use a phrase that lame in my music,“ but you may not know, because it’s cool now. The rule of thumb is, if something became super popular, practically overnight, and has (at least) a bit of cheesiness to it already, it probably won’t stand the test of time.

An example of this happens in the Uncle Kracker song, „Smile.“ In the opening verse he uses the phrase „Cooler than the flip side of my pillow, that’s right.“ When the song first came out it already felt strange that he was copying a phrase of the moment, and it only gets more awkward sounding as time passes.

Using a phrase of the moment like this could work to your advantage if you’re writing a super catchy pop song that could be an instant hit, because you’re attaching it to something that’s popular in the moment. But don’t expect that to last. I also wouldn’t suggest using that as a strategy when you write.

So try to avoid phrases like that in your songs, if you want your songs to be timeless. After all, imagine how it would sound if you were still pitching a song that placed „… Not!“ after a line of your lyric. Learn to be a judge of what has legs, and what won’t last. If you avoid clichés altogether, you won’t even have to worry about this problem at all.

Addressing Dates

The way you address dates and ages can come back to bite you later on too. Let’s say you have a song about going out into the world. If you used a line like „I was class of ’12,“ that will get old fast. But if you said something like „I graduated last year,“ it will last a lot longer. Granted that line won’t always be factually accurate, but it won’t sound awkward to someone listening to your song five years after it was written.

Talking about your age can have the same effect. If you say „I’m 28“ in a song that stays with you, when you sing it twenty years later, it could sound funny (unless its inaccuracy becomes intentional as you age). Instead you can say, „I was born in (insert year here).“ As long as your song’s not about being young, that will carry your age with you as the years move along.

The easiest way to address moments like these is to simply ask yourself „will this sound weird if I’m singing this song five, ten or twenty years from now?“ If the answer’s yes, you may want to reword things to be more time-friendly. There’s always a different way to say something that can give you the results you’re looking for.

Last Note

It’s harder to predict what will or won’t be cool musically later on down the road, except to say that if you’re copying a sound that’s super catchy and became popular very quickly, it probably won’t last too long. So the music end of things is hard to predict. But if you follow the rules of thumb we looked at here, it’s a good start to writing lyrics that can be timeless. Just trust your gut, and always ask yourself if the lyrics would still apply at a later time. Then you’ll be on your way.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Anthony Ceseri

The Three Stars of I Ching Astrology

Everyone has three stars in their I Ching Astrology horoscope, here they are with their particular significance:

Birth Star

Your Birth Star is the driving force behind your personality and is determined by the year in which you were born. This is the most important of the three Stars as it underlies all your actions. It is also the Star that you need to be aware of as far as knowing what House you occupy in any given year and month and other aspects of I Ching Astrology.

Inner Star

Your Inner Star. This Star has two important qualities. Firstly, it represents who you were during your first two passes round the 9 year cycle – until you reached 18 years of age and entered adulthood. In other words, this is your childhood profile. You only fully evolve into your Birth Star persona at around the age of 18 years. Secondly, in most situations in life, when you are under pressure you often revert to your childhood way of expression, so your Inner Star reflects how you express yourself when you are stressed out. This hidden side of your personality is only seen by those close to you.

Outer Star

Your Outer Star reflects how you are perceived by others who do not know you very well. This is the first impression that people pick up on when they meet you. It relates to how you choose to live in the world, For example, how you keep your home tidy, how you choose to dress or socialise and where you shop. If I was to ask a neighbour of yours, who did not know you very well, for an opinion based on their first impressions of you, their comments would be based on the qualities of your Outer Star. In a nutshell, it is ‚how you appear‘ to the world.

The qualities of the 9 I Ching Astrology Stars:

9 Fire Star:

Inspiring, impulsive, proud, sophisticated, impressive, savvy and enlightened.

8 Mountain Star:

Tenacious, opinionated, stubborn, revolutionary, enterprising, persevering and indefatigable.

7 Lake Star:

Expressive, independent, sociable, witty, chic, convincing, and gregarious.

6 Heaven Star:

Reliable, dignified, stubborn, straightforward, calm, organised, and rational.

5 T’ai Chi Star:

Bold, determined, self-centered, strong, capable, accomplished and tenacious.

4 Wind Star:

Emotional, easy-going, impulsive, open-minded, liberal, adaptable, and creative.

3 Thunder Star:

Active, rash, passionate, straightforward, outgoing, progressive, frank and ardent.

2 Earth Star:

Dedicated, helpful, service-orientated, dependable, conservative, observant and methodical.

1 Water Star:

Cautious, diplomatic, intuitive, independent, deliberate and self-certain.

To find out what your Birth Star is, visit Jon’s website.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Jon Sandifer

Secrets of Celebrity Stylists – Fashion Design Tips to Make You Look and Feel Like a Star

Hollywood stars might look beautiful on television or in the pages of magazines, but most would be quite ordinary without their personal stylists. Celebrity stylists create a look and image for their clients, playing the part of fashion design expert, personal shopper, and even confidante. While you may not be facing the paparazzi on a daily basis, you can still look like a million bucks, thanks to these tips from top celebrity stylists.

Go for the „wow“ factor. Celebrity stylist Rachel Zoe believes in the „wow‘ moment, when your outfit causes gasps from the room because you look so fabulous. This can be achieved with a striking fashion piece, like a pair of patent leather thigh high boots. If you don’t think you can pull that look off, try incorporating luxurious materials like faux fur, or adding some glitz and glamour to your wardrobe, like a handbag emblazoned with sequins.

Build around the basics. Stylist Nicole Chavez, who works with Scarlett Johansson and Rachel Bilson, recommends building an outfit around a classic piece, like a great pair of jeans or a blazer, and then go from there. While your key pieces can be simpler, the accessories can be trendier.

Accentuate the positive. Showing off your assets is a good thing, but Jennifer Rade, stylist to Angelina Jolie and Pink, recommends playing up only one of your physical assets at a time. For example, if you plan on highlighting your cleavage, don’t show as much leg.

Find the right undergarments. Make sure your bra fits you properly, because if it doesn’t fit, neither will your dress. Stylist Britt Bardo, who’s worked with Jennifer Lopez and Kate Hudson, says that’s the biggest mistake women make when shopping or getting dressed. She also suggests taking photos of yourself in different outfits, so you can compare and see what looks best on you.

Know the tricks of the trade. Runway models and fashion school grads have an arsenal of secret weapons at their disposal, and the top stylists also use them for their clients. These tricks include fashion tape, which is double-stick tape that keeps plunging necklines from exposing too much; deodorant removers that get rid of unsightly white stains from little black dresses; and even control-top armbands, which prevent arm jiggle when waving to the fans.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Lily McCallister

Dome of the Rock Prophecy

The Dome of the Rock Prophecy holds the secret to the timeline of the End Time.

By way of introduction, let us begin with the strange and difficult numbers given in Daniel’s twelfth chapter, verses eleven and twelve. The two numbers are 1290 and 1335. Why did Daniel mention these mysterious numbers at the very end of his prophecy, and what significance do they have for us today?

As you read the entire chapter, you will find that God told Daniel that there would be 1290 years from the date that the Daily Sacrifices ended in the First Temple (Solomon’s Temple) until the Abomination that maketh Desolate is Set up. Daniel knew exactly when the Daily sacrifices ended. It was a most traumatic and tragic day in the life of all Jewish people of that day. Since the Temple was built, daily sacrifices were ALWAYS offered, until that horrible day.

Adding 1290 years from that horrific date, you will be shocked to discover that you arrive at the exact year that the Dome of the Rock Muslim Mosque was begun. I like to refer to that dour point in human History as S.A.D. The Setting up of the Abomination of Desolation (using Daniel’s terminology). What a sad day it was, indeed. And that one edifice is still a great source of contention and grief today. It sits upon the very spot where Abraham was told to offer his son, his only son, Isaac as an offering to God. It is the very spot where Ornan the Jebusite had a threshing floor, which David bought from him for the Temple site. What a glorious spot.

But to return to our timeline discussion, if you now would please be so kind as to add the next number in Daniel’s final verses (1335) to that fateful year (688) you will arrive at the year 2023. According to Daniel, Ezekiel, John the Revelator, and other Bible prophets, there will be a Third Temple in Jerusalem when Jesus returns the second time. Problem… there is no Temple in Jerusalem now, only the Dome of the Rock sits in the Temple site. The year 2023 will bring in the Third Temple, and the removal of the Dome of the Rock Mosque.

There are many in Israel today, yea, and around the world awaiting the moment when the Third Temple will be built in its proper place. Daniel has told us when that will be.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by I Daniel

K-Pop: The Global Phenomenon

Part 1

How did Koreaboo get its start?

When I was thirteen or fourteen, I started listening to K-pop singer, BoA, because I grew up in Vancouver, and J-Pop was popular back then. A friend of mine originally introduced me to BoA, and a couple of years later I started expanding and began listening to more popular groups. I couldn’t find any fast or reliable resources on the Internet for K-Pop music, so I started Koreaboo, which was launched in 2010.

Given the sudden surge of interest in Korean pop music, you must have experienced some strong growth on your site.

Yes. When we first started we had a launch event in Los Angeles. As K-pop expanded internationally our traffic grew with it.

Korean pop music’s popularity is pretty established in Southeast Asia, China, and Japan. In your opinion what does this music offer that its predecessors did not?

I think K-Pop is super-catchy and the production quality is super-high. That’s really important. The music videos are high budget, nicely done, polished, and it’s just super-catchy pop music! This music has its own trends, and its own style. Even beyond that, there’s different styles within the genre, and it’s not done in a 90s style of music. They actually keep up with trends and what’s new.

What’s a general age range for K-Pop fans?

They’re very young! I think our demographic is 14-26. We’re holding an event called KCON, and I see postings by 11-year-olds! However, there are older fans in their early to mid-twenties.

Your blog is a great resource. How do you keep it updated?

Most of the writing is done by editors and staff managers. In terms of hits, controversy always gets a lot of views. We try not to report on controversy too much unless it’s fully researched. We make sure it’s 100 percent accurate before pushing out the information. Regardless, if it’s an SM artist, we get tons of visits. When we first released news of SHINee’s comeback, we got an enormous amount of traffic. It’s still one of our most read articles.

How would you differentiate your blog from similar K-Pop websites?

We differentiate ourselves by working heavily with the community. We work with all the communities. We put together two of the first K-Pop conventions with our SM town event. The KCON event is our first North American convention. So we’re not just online, we do a lot of community activities as well.

Let’s talk about the unprecedented popularity of Gangnam Style. The singer, PSY, has made more stateside television appearances than any other Korean artist to-date. What’s your take on the Gangnam Style phenomenon?

When I first saw it I thought it was kind of cool, but it wasn’t really my style of music or what I like. In the US it got started because it was a funny video. That’s how it spread – like most viral videos. In terms of trends, I don’t think it’s possible to sustain Gangnam Style’s popularity. I don’t think most people who like Gangnam Style will listen to other K-Pop.

For K-Pop fans who don’t speak or understand Korean, what do you think is the appeal of the music?

I like certain kinds of K-Pop because it’s pleasant to listen to. I listen to mostly ballads and hip-hop. We don’t need to understand exactly what they’re saying, but through music videos you can tell what’s going on. If it’s catchy it doesn’t matter what language it’s in.

Lastly, what kind of translation do you do for the blog?

We get entertainment news directly from Korea. We check with our partner website to see whether our translations differ. We often conduct peer reviews as well. So, senior writers will check up on other writers before we publish, and we try to minimize error as much as possible.

Part 2

What ignited your interest in K-Pop?

Wendi: It all started with Rain. I was amazed by his talent and also by who he was as a person and his struggles and rise to fame. So yes, I’m a big Rain fan. Through him, I learned about MBLAQ, a boy group he was training. It was just a natural progression into the world of K-pop from there.

Kris: For me, it started with the hit Korean drama, ‚Boys over Flowers.‘ I took an interest in Kim Hyun Joong, I later found out was the leader of SS501, a K-Pop group. He gave rise to my interest in Korean pop music.

You’re both working on an exciting site for K-Pop fans right now. Tell us a bit about kPOPfix.com.

Wendi: kPOPfix is a collaboration between Kristina and I. We both love K-pop and we know how diehard K-pop fans can be. So Kristina came up with this idea to take a citizen journalism approach to K-pop. We’ve learned from our own experience that K-Pop fans have a lot to say and contribute, and there wasn’t really an outlet for them. So we thought a site where K-Drama and K-Pop fans could put their thoughts directly out there would be a cool thing. That’s kPOPfix!

What does K-Pop offer that other music genres do not?

Kris: It offers fun, fashion, and excitement. It’s the only genre of music that I know that really teases the fans before the release of a new music video. Also, it offers an inside look into the idols‘ lives. It creates a more intimate level of entertainment. Not to mention, it provides hot guys and girls!

Wendi: I have never seen so much time and money invested into visual appeal as I have with K-Pop entertainment companies. Everything is cute and adorable. Aegyo is a very important skill K-Pop idols must have to woo their fans. Everyone is beautiful-the guys are so gorgeous, the girls are so pretty. In addition, I believe that K-pop is an interpretation of Western pop, hip-hop and R&B music, but with a very special Korean flare.

What’s your take on the Gangnam Style phenomenon?

Wendi: I’m really happy for PSY, and as someone who’s been following K-pop for over three years, it’s a good feeling to see K-pop finally receive mainstream recognition in the US. I wish PSY and any other K-Pop crossover artists the best. I would love to see other artists like Rain, Big Bang or 2NE1 succeed as much as PSY has as well.

Kris: I think it’s really cool and kind of crazy how he’s gotten so many views on YouTube. He’s blown up overnight. I’m really happy he’s putting the Korean entertainment industry on the map. However, ‚Gangnam Style‘ is not everything, and it is not the complete definition of K-Pop. There’s a lot more to it than the „horse dance.“

For K-Pop fans who don’t speak or understand Korean, what do you think is the appeal of the music?

Kris: I think it’s a combination of cool fashion, bright colors, young, fresh faces. Whether you understand what they’re saying or not, it’s the beat of the music. It can be played in any club in the world.

Wendi: I find that the style often used in K-Pop music is reminiscent of the music I listened to growing up. It’s sort of retro and has a different feel to what’s on the radio now in the West. K-pop speaks to your heart, not your head.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Elizabeth Shim

The Positives of Satellite Radio

Satellite radios have been becoming increasingly popular since they first hit the market over 10 years ago. This brand of radio works by picking up feeds of information that are beamed down from satellites that orbit the earth from space. Obtaining a satellite radio has many advantages over using obsolete radios like AM/FM receivers that cannot be ignored.

Radio stations that operate on the satellite radio system can operate above FCC rules and regulations because people must pay a subscription to be able to receive satellite feeds. The Federal Communication Commission is the government office that censers all public broadcast content. Because the FCC cannot regulate content, original and adult programming is transmitted without censorship.

Another great reason to get a satellite radio for an automobile is the there are far less commercials during broadcasts. In any given hour on conventional radio shows, disc jockeys are forced to play advertisements which cut down on program times. Nothing can be more aggravating after a long day at work, sitting in traffic, searching the radio, and hearing nothing but continuous commercials.

These radios are also not hemmed in by broadcast distance. The satellite transmitters can cover a large area with radio waves drastically increasing their broadcast radii. For instance the same satellite can tune into the same radio station for hundreds of miles, a feature that AM/FM radios cannot produce. This makes satellite radios perfect for people who travel on a constant basis.

There are many positives to using this technology over more conventional forms of radio. These radios broadcast over larger areas and can be picked up anywhere where there is not a lot of atmospheric interference. They offer original, unfiltered programming and, in most cases, broadcast clearer sounding radio shows. Satellite radios will eventually spell the end for conventional radio.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Wes Hagan

Hot, Massive F-Type Stars May Host Habitable Planets

The hunt for exoplanets circling distant stars beyond our Sun proved to be a difficult endeavor, and their ultimate discovery, beginning in the mid 1990s, arguably represents one of humanity’s finest moments. Today, the discovery of such alien planets has become almost routine–just „business as usual“ for those planetary scientists on the hunt for brave new worlds. Still, the greatest prize sought by planet-hunting scientists is the discovery of habitable worlds, and in March 2014 scientists at the University of Texas at Arlington, hunting for such life-friendly exoplanets, announced that F-type stars should not be ruled out as potential stellar parents in favor of their considerably more abundant, cooler, and more petite kindred stars.

All stars are gigantic balls of roiling, seething-hot, mostly hydrogen gas. Solar system’s, such as our own, form when a relatively dense, small glob, embedded within a cold, dark, and enormous molecular cloud made up of gas and dust, collapses under the weight of its own gravity. Most of the collapsing glob of material collects at the center, and ultimately catches fire as a result of the process of nuclear fusion–giving birth to a fiery new baby star. The remaining material flattens out and becomes what is termed a protoplanetary accretion disk, from which planets, their attendant moons, and other small objects eventually emerge.

Stars on what is termed the main-sequence are in the prime of their stellar lives– maintaining a very delicate, necessary, and precious balance between two battling forces, radiation pressure and gravity. The radiation pressure of a star on the main-sequence pushes everything out and away from the star, and this keeps it bouncy against the crush of its own gravity that tries to pull everything in. A star’s radiation pressure results from nuclear fusion, which progressively fuses lighter atomic elements into heavier ones. The process begins with the burning of hydrogen–the lightest and most abundant atomic element in the Universe–into helium, which is the second-lightest atomic element. This process of fusing heavier atomic elements out of lighter ones is termed stellar nucleosynthesis. All of the atomic elements heavier than helium are called metals in the terminology used by astronomers, and all such metals are continually manufactured in the nuclear-fusing hearts, or cores, of the multitude of fiery stars dwelling in our Universe–or, in the case of the heaviest atomic elements, in the explosive supernova deaths of massive stars.

An F-type main-sequence star is still actively burning its hydrogen fuel into heavier things. It is of spectral type F and luminosity class V. F-type main-sequence stars typically possess from 1.0 to 1.4 times the mass of our Star the Sun, and surface temperatures between 6,000 and 7,600 Kelvin. This particular temperature range causes the F-type stars to be yellow-white in color. Alternatively, F-type stars are sometimes called yellow-white dwarfs. All stars that are still on the main-sequence are called dwarfs.

In general, stars fall into seven lettered categories that are based on their surface temperature. However, stars in the same category can also vary in other characteristics, such as their luminosity, mass, and the number of their particular kind that are dancing around in the Cosmos.

In astronomy, the classification of stars is based on their spectral characteristics. That is, the light emanating from the star is studied by splitting it with a diffraction grating or prism into a spectrum showing the lovely rainbow of colors interspersed with absorption lines. Each line represents an ion of a particular chemical element, with the line strength also displaying the abundance of that ion. The relative abundance of the various ions changes with the temperature of the stellar photosphere. The spectral class of a star is a brief code that summarizes its ionization state, thus providing an objective measure of the photosphere’s density and temperature.

Most stars are classified under the Morgan-Keenan (MKK) system that uses the letters O, B, A, F, G, K, M, L,T and Y. This sequence ranges from the hottest (O type) to the coolest (Y) type. The types R and N are carbon-based stars, the type S is zirconium-monoxide-based stars. Each letter in this sequence is further subdivided using a numeric digit with 0 being the hotterst and 9 being the coolest–forming a sequence from hotter to cooler.

Planetary scientists who are hunting for habitable planets usually focus on the less massive end of the spectrum. This is where our own G-type Sun is located on the main-sequence–as well as the even less massive K and M-type stars.

F-type stars are right at the center of the scale–they are more massive and hotter than our Sun. Their increased ultraviolet radiation emissions are thought to be a limiting factor for sustaining life. Furthermore, F-type stars are comparatively few in number.

Goldilocks Planets

The habitable zone surrounding a star is that Goldilocks region where temperatures are such that life-sustaining water can exist in its liquid state. Where liquid water exists, life also has the potential to evolve. This Goldilocks zone of a star is where the temperatures are not too hot, not too cold, but just right for water to exist in its life-loving liquid form.

However, even if a planet is dwelling within its parent star’s habitable zone, this does not mean it is necessarily a habitable world. For example, in our own Solar System, Venus is situated within the habitable zone of our Sun. However, Venus is the victim of a „runaway greenhouse effect“–and is a searing-hot, Earth-sized ball of hell, with surface temperatures hot enough to melt lead. Indeed, the rocks on Venus emit an eerie hot red glow. Earth is the only planet that we know of that hosts life. However, there is certainly a great deal of potential for life to exist on other worlds dancing around elsewhere in our vast Cosmos.

F-Type Stars Are Not Hopeless!

University of Texas at Arlington Physics Professor Dr. Manfred Cuntz commented in a March 2, 2014 University of Texas, Arlington Press Release that „F-type stars are not hopeless.“

„There is a gap in attention from the scientific community when it comes to knowledge about F-type stars, and that is what our research is working to fill. It appears they may indeed be a good place to look for habitable planets,“ he added.

Dr. Cuntz and his graduate student Satoko Sato joined with other astronomers at the University of Guanajuato in Mexico. Their research was published in the International Journal of Astrobiology in March 2014.

The team of astronomers suggest that since F-type stars sport wider habitability zones, they should be getting special attention as potential abodes for life. The scientists also investigated the potential limations caused by ultraviolet radiation by calculating its possible damage to carbon-based macromolecules in the habitable zones surrounding F-type stars. In order to accomplish this, they used DNA as an example, and then compared their calculations of DNA damage on F-type star exoplanets to the damage that would be done to life on Earth by our Sun.

The study included calculations for several varying types of F-type stars, at different stages of their evolution. The researchers met with some encouraging results. In a few instances, the damage estimates were similar to the damage that would occur on our own planet–that is, if Earth did not have an atmosphere. The damage estimate was even less if the planet of an F-type star possessed an atmosphere.

„Our study is a further contribution toward the exploration of the exobiological suitability of stars hotter and, by implication, more massive than the Sun… at least in the outer portions of the F-star habitable zones. UV radiation should not be viewed as an insurmountable hindrance to the existence and evolution of life,“ the study contends.

The research is titled the Habitability around F-type Stars. Study co-authors from the University of Guanajuato were Dr. Cecilia Maria Guerra Olvera, Dr. Dennis Jack, and Dr. Klaus-Peter Schroder.

Dr. Pamela Jansma, dean of the University of Texas Arlington College of Science said in the March 25, 2014 Press Release that „Astrophysics as it relates to habitable planets is an increasingly popular topic, and Dr. Cuntz and his student have enriched that conversation by weaving elements of theoretical biology and planetary science into their outstanding work.“

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Judith E Braffman-Miller

Why People Love Celebrity Pictures

Many people can’t seem to get enough of anything that has to do with celebrities‘ news, gossips, scandals, fashion, and lifestyle, just to name a few. All these are captured by celebrity pictures, whether celebrities like it or not. TV and movie stars have no way of escaping the prying eyes of the paparazzi. Every move celebrities make even in their private moments is always caught on camera. Photos of stars in their most glamorous or most unflattering looks grace the pages of various celebrity magazines and websites.

Celebrity photos have been popular especially during the World War II, when GIs pin up on barrack walls pictures of female movie stars wearing either one-piece swimsuits or low-cut evening gowns. According to historians, the fascination of Americans with celebrity photos started with the illustration „Gibson Girl“ that landed on the pages of a magazine in 1887. Prior to the Internet boom, people were content seeing images of celebrities on magazines and movie posters. But nowadays, it’s easy to access celebrity photos on the Internet. You can view and download photos of Hollywood stars in just a few minutes. Or you may download a Bollywood actress picture if you adore Indian actresses. All it takes is just a few clicks on celebrity websites that can provide hundreds of celebrity photos in various shapes and sizes.

People love to view celebrity photos, even to the point of being overly fascinated with the who’s who in Tinseltown. Surfing the Web for Hollywood actress pictures has been a national pastime for men and women alike. Some people make hobbies out of celebrity photos by using them as desktop wallpapers. In particular, teenagers usually like posting photo printouts of their favorite actors, actresses, and musicians on the walls of their rooms.

Why are people so interested with celebrity pictures? Pictures of celebrities have entertained people across the globe as much as their acting, singing, and dancing prowess. Viewing a photo of your favorite star gives you an enjoyable distraction, helping you get through a busy, routine, and tiring day.

But compared to talents, pictures have a more visible and lasting effect. It’s because pictures immortalize celebrities. Even after the death of immensely popular stars, their memories remain alive. Also, photos instantly elicit various reactions. How many times have you wondered why a certain actress always wears horrible gowns on the red carpet, or why a young star has suddenly become skinny or overweight? A celebrity’s personal life, usually depicted on photos, bothers you even if you know too well that it’s none of your business.

Although they appear like demigods on the screen, celebrities are „humanized“ on photos. To some extent, celebrity photos give fans a glimpse of how certain superstars make a lapse in fashion, speech, or manners. To satisfy people’s curiosity, photos also show the appearance of Hollywood stars when they’re away from the limelight. For example, some Hollywood actress pictures show that certain celebrities can still look hot and attractive even without makeup. Photos of pregnant celebrity moms as well as celebrity hunks babysitting their children are just as popular. Thus, celebrity photos prove that actors and actresses despite their fame and glamour are humans just like everybody else.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Bibin V. Rajan

Who Killed Indie Rock?

Compression: That is what a musician will tell you has killed Indie Rock, or at least has tried to kill mainstream music. It is a devise used in studios that levels out the sound to such an extent that the sonority created becomes so uniformly loud as to be irritating. I like loud music, I remember cranking Kiss Alive up to „11“ as „Strutter“ blasted out of the speakers. But this bizarre un-dynamic pop music world that we live in now is loud in the wrong way, which brings us to the question, who killed Indie Rock

Back in the mid ’70’s the Rock and Roll world got tired of the overproduced sort of „corporation“ bands such as Foreigner (a very good band), and a opted for a new direction or should we say anti-direction. The more ferocious of these bands were the Sex Pistols, Weirdos, Black Flag and many others. Another strain also came in that was a little milder called „New Wave.“ These were bands that would soon be mainstream chart toppers like The Romantics, Plimsouls, and the B-52’s. Punk music as it was called in general hearkened back to the simpler days of garages and Hendrix, loud driving guitar music that made the sound of the Ramones for instance. The key to that sound was a throwing off of the production straitjacket and just getting wild and crazy – what Rock and Roll started out to be; Rebel with a cause, the cause being energized fun.

Today the Rock world is dominated by un-dynamic music created by producers that for some reason got so enamored with their over compressed sound that when one turns on the radio or iPod – wow! it is just a nightmarish decibels game.

So we need a revolution. But the „Indie Rock“ bands that should be leading the charge back to the purity of sound have themselves become seduced by the compressor – the loud machines of the recording studio. In fact these „Alternative Rock“ bands, maybe the Foo Fighters, Imagine Dragons, or Fun would also be considered here, are becoming the worst offenders in the so-called volume wars.

What the Rock world needs are some real alternative rock champions that really will present an alternative to this un-creative, un-dynamic sound that is truly killing music, and if someone does not offer a corrective will kill of Indie Rock with it. Nirvana brought sound back to the future in the 90’s, perhaps another Alternative – Indie Rock band will do the same soon.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Sam Stavros

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